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PersianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (spand), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *ĉwantaH (holy) (compare Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬧𐬙𐬀(spəṇta, holy) and Middle Persian sp(y)nʾk' (spenāg, holy)), because the plant is used in fumigation against evil eye. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwen-.

Persian اسپناخ(espanâx, spinach), سپندان(sepandân, mustard seed; garden cress seed) (from Middle Persian spndʾn' (spandān, mustard seed)) and Northern Kurdish sping (meadow salsify) may be related.

NounEdit

سپند (sipand)

  1. wild rue (Peganum harmala)

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Armenian: սպանդ (spand)
  • Wakhi: spandr

ReferencesEdit

  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892), “سپند”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 277
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “սպանդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 260ab
  • Steblin-Kamenskij, I.M. (1999), “spandr”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ vaxanskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Wakhi Language] (in Russian), Saint Petersburg: Peterburgskoje Vostokovedenije, →ISBN, pages 314—315
  • Cabolov, R. L. (2010), “siping”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ kurdskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Kurdish Language] (in Russian), volume II, Moscow: Russian Academy Press Vostochnaya Literatura, page 263
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “spenāg”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 76