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Wiktionary:Persian transliteration

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These are the rules concerning transliteration in Persian entries.


Persian transliterationEdit

Systems for Romanizing Persian
Persian Wiktionary IPA Other (dispreferred)
ا ʼ, a, â ʔ, æ, ɒː ā, á, aa, A, ɑ
ب b b
پ p p
ت t t
ث s s th, s, ṯ, s̄
ج j ǧ
چ č ch, c
ح h h ḥ, ḩ
خ x x kh, kh, ḫ, ḵ
د d d
ذ z z dh, dh, ẕ, ḏ
ر r r
ز z z
ژ ž ʒ zh, zh
س s s
ش š ʃ sh, sh
ص s s
ض z z ḍ, ż, ẕ
ط t t ṭ, ţ
ظ z z ẓ, z̧
ع ʻ, a, e, o ʔ, ː '
غ ğ ɣ, ɢ q, gh, gh, ġ
ف f f
ق q ɣ, ɢ gh, gh, ḳ
ک k k
گ g g
ل l l
م m m
ن n n
و v, u, ow, ô, aw v, uː, oʊ, oː, aʊ w, ū, ou, ō, au
ه h, e h, e, æ eh, a, ah
ی y, i, ê j, iː, eː ī, ē


Other symbols or combinationsEdit

  1. آ - â
  2. اً - an
  3. ء - ʼ
  4. ؤ - ʼ
  5. ئ - ʼ
  6. ة - - t or (nothing) rare, only in Arabic borrowings
  7. - -ye
  8. ZWNJ - -