ضمير

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ض م ر(ḍ-m-r).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ضَمِير (ḍamīrm (plural ضَمَائِر(ḍamāʾir))

  1. inner, innermost, heart, secrets of the mind
  2. conscience
  3. (grammar) pronoun[1]

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Persian: ضمیر
  • Turkish: zamir

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Carter, Michael George (2017), “The Seven Deadly Sins of Arabic Studies”, in Manuel Sartori, Manuela E. B. Giolfo, Philippe Cassuto, editors, Approaches to the History and Dialectology of Arabic in Honor of Pierre Larcher (Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics; 88), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 520 verbatim:
    The ḍamīr is not a form class, but it is only a Minor (and indeed unavoidable) sin to equate it with our “pronoun.” However ḍamīr is only valid for our personal pronouns (including ḍamīr al-faṣl and ḍamīr al-šaʾn), and does not refer in Arabic to any of the other categories we call pronouns, such as demonstratives, interrogatives, and relatives, which are all explicitly nouns, e.g. ism al-ʾišāra, not ḍamīr al-ʾišāra.