छत्त्र

SanskritEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain[1]; possibly related to छादयति (chādáyati, to cover), perhaps from Proto-Indo-Aryan *šśattrás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *šćatˢtrás, Proto-Indo-European *sḱed-tró-s, from *sḱed-[2][3] or *sked- (to cover)[4]. Possible cognate with Avestan 𐬯𐬁𐬜𐬀𐬌𐬌𐬀𐬧𐬙𐬍(sāδaiiaṇtī, long trousers), Old English hætera (garments).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /t͡ɕʰɐt̪.t̪ɾɐ/, [t͡ɕʰɐt̪̚.t̪ɾɐ]
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈt͡ɕʰɐt̪.t̪ɾɐ/, [ˈt͡ɕʰɐt̪̚.t̪ɾɐ]

NounEdit

छत्त्र (chattran[5][6][7]

  1. parasol, umbrella
  2. shelter
  3. mushroom

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of छत्त्र (chattra)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative छत्त्रम्
chattram
छत्त्रे
chattre
छत्त्राणि / छत्त्रा¹
chattrāṇi / chattrā¹
Vocative छत्त्र
chattra
छत्त्रे
chattre
छत्त्राणि / छत्त्रा¹
chattrāṇi / chattrā¹
Accusative छत्त्रम्
chattram
छत्त्रे
chattre
छत्त्राणि / छत्त्रा¹
chattrāṇi / chattrā¹
Instrumental छत्त्रेण
chattreṇa
छत्त्राभ्याम्
chattrābhyām
छत्त्रैः / छत्त्रेभिः¹
chattraiḥ / chattrebhiḥ¹
Dative छत्त्राय
chattrāya
छत्त्राभ्याम्
chattrābhyām
छत्त्रेभ्यः
chattrebhyaḥ
Ablative छत्त्रात्
chattrāt
छत्त्राभ्याम्
chattrābhyām
छत्त्रेभ्यः
chattrebhyaḥ
Genitive छत्त्रस्य
chattrasya
छत्त्रयोः
chattrayoḥ
छत्त्राणाम्
chattrāṇām
Locative छत्त्रे
chattre
छत्त्रयोः
chattrayoḥ
छत्त्रेषु
chattreṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) , “*sād”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 341-342
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) , “sk̑ed-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 919
  3. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) , “CHAD”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 554-555
  4. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2001) , “Reflexes of Proto-Indo-European *sk in Indo-Iranian”, in Incontri linguistici[1], volume 24, page 7
  5. ^ छत्त्र” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 176, column 1.
  6. ^ Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 096
  7. ^ Monier Williams (1899) , “छत्त्र”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 404/1.