तनू

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tanúHs, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *tanúHs, from Proto-Indo-European tenúh₂s, from *tenuh₂- (body). Cognate with Old Persian 𐎫𐎵𐎢𐏁 (tanūš), Avestan 𐬙𐬀𐬥𐬏(tanū). The reflexive use is an Indo-Iranian innovation.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

तनू (tanū́f

  1. body, person, self (often used like a reflexive noun)
    • RV 10.183.2
      अपश्यं तवा मनसा दीध्यानां सवायां तनू रत्व्येनाधमानाम |
      उप मामुच्चा युवतिर्बभूयाः पर जायस्वप्रजया पुत्रकामे ||
      apaśyaṃ tvā manasā dīdhyānāṃ svāyāṃ tanū ṛtvyenādhamānām |
      upa māmuccā yuvatirbabhūyāḥ pra jāyasvaprajayā putrakāme ||
      I saw thee pondering in thine heart, and praying that in due time thy body might be fruitful.
      Come as a youthful woman, rise to meet me: spread in thine offspring, thou who cravest children.
    Synonyms: देह (deha), शरीर (śarīra), काय (kāya)
  2. form or manifestation

DeclensionEdit

Feminine ū-stem declension of तनू (tanū́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तनूः
tanū́ḥ
तन्वौ / तनू¹
tanvaù / tanū́¹
तन्वः / तनूः¹
tanvàḥ / tanū́ḥ¹
Vocative तनु
tánu
तन्वौ / तनू¹
tánvau / tanū́¹
तन्वः / तनूः¹
tánvaḥ / tánūḥ¹
Accusative तनूम्
tanū́m
तन्वौ / तनू¹
tanvaù / tanū́¹
तनूः
tanū́ḥ
Instrumental तन्वा
tanvā̀
तनूभ्याम्
tanū́bhyām
तनूभिः
tanū́bhiḥ
Dative तन्वै
tanvaì
तनूभ्याम्
tanū́bhyām
तनूभ्यः
tanū́bhyaḥ
Ablative तन्वाः
tanvā̀ḥ
तनूभ्याम्
tanū́bhyām
तनूभ्यः
tanū́bhyaḥ
Genitive तन्वाः
tanvā̀ḥ
तन्वोः
tanvòḥ
तनूनाम्
tanū́nām
Locative तन्वाम्
tanvā̀m
तन्वोः
tanvòḥ
तनूषु
tanū́ṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

  • Sauraseni Prakrit: 𑀢𑀡𑀽 (taṇū)