See also: Circa

English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin circa.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsɜːkə/
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsɝkə/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)kə
  • Hyphenation: cir‧ca

Preposition edit

circa

  1. Approximately, about, around (typically in relation to time)
    Julius Caesar visited this area circa 50 BC.

Translations edit

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

circa

  1. circa, approximately
    Synonym: cca

Further reading edit

  • circa in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • circa in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin circa.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɪr.kaː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cir‧ca

Preposition edit

circa

  1. circa: about, approximately

Adverb edit

circa

  1. circa: about, approximately

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin circa.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

circa

  1. approximately, about

German edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

circa

  1. circa
    Synonyms: etwa, ungefähr

Further reading edit

  • circa” in Duden online
  • circa” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • circa” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin circā.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡ʃir.ka/
  • Rhymes: -irka
  • Hyphenation: cìr‧ca

Preposition edit

circa

  1. regarding, concerning

Adverb edit

circa

  1. about, approximately

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

A later form for circum, or from circum + .

The accusative is from the adverbial derivation.

Adverb edit

circā (not comparable)

  1. around; about
  2. on both sides

Preposition edit

circā (+ accusative)

  1. around; near; about
  2. regarding, concerning
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Ephesii.6.22:
      quem misi ad vos in hoc ipsum ut cognoscatis quae circa nos sunt et consoletur corda vestra
      Whom I have sent to you for this very thing, so that you can know things that are about us, and so that he can comfort your hearts.
Related terms edit
Descendants edit
References edit
  • circa”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • circa”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • circa in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • circa in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • circa in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • Online Latin dictionary, Olivetti

Etymology 2 edit

Ultimately related to etymology 1. Sense 4 is only attested in the form cerca(s); see there for more.

Noun edit

circa f (genitive circae); first declension (Medieval Latin)[1][2]

  1. patrol, watch
  2. episcopal visit
  3. inquiry, inquest
  4. defensive enclosure, moat
References edit
  1. ^ Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “2. circa”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: E. J. Brill, page 180
  2. ^ Blaise, Albert (1975), “circa”, in Dictionnaire latin-français des auteurs du moyen-âge: lexicon latinitatis medii aevi (Corpus christianorum) (in Latin, French), Turnhout: Brepols, page 178

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from Latin circā.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡sir.ka/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -irka
  • Syllabification: cir‧ca

Particle edit

circa

  1. (literary) circa, nearly, almost (in close approximation)
    Synonyms: blisko, koło, mniej więcej, niespełna, niemal, około, prawie, w przybliżeniu
    Na świecie żyje circa 9 mld ludzi.There are circa 9 billion people in the world.

Further reading edit

  • circa in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • circa in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin circa.

Adverb edit

circa

  1. approximately, about, or so
    Synonym: cam

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin circā.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθiɾka/ [ˈθiɾ.ka]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈsiɾka/ [ˈsiɾ.ka]
  • Rhymes: -iɾka
  • Syllabification: cir‧ca

Preposition edit

circa

  1. circa

Further reading edit