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Ancient GreekEdit


Unknown. Apparently from ἀ- (a-, not) +‎ *σκῆθος (*skêthos, damage) +‎ -ής (-ḗs, adjective suffix). Attempts have been made to connect the latter with Gothic 𐍃𐌺𐌰𐌸𐌾𐌰𐌽 (skaþjan), but are unconvincing as Gothic 𐌸 (þ) does not match with Ancient Greek θ (th) per Grimm’s law. However, the Gothic term is apparently connected to Proto-Indo-European *(s)kēt- (damage, harm), so the Greek term could ultimately be of PIE origin, albeit inherited through an intermediary source.


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /as.kɛː.tʰɛ̌ːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /as.keˈtʰes/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /as.kiˈθis/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /as.ciˈθis/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /as.ciˈθis/
  • AdjectiveEdit

    ἀσκηθής (askēthḗsm, f (neuter ἀσκηθές); third declension

    1. unhurt, unscathed, sound, healthy, unblemished