ἀ-

Ancient GreekEdit

PronunciationEdit

 

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥- ‎(not, un-) when followed by a consonant. Cognate with Latin in-, Old Irish in-, an-, Sanskrit अ- ‎(a-). Akin to ἀν- ‎(an-), νη- ‎(nē-), νᾱ- ‎(nā-) and νω- ‎(nō-).

Alternative formsEdit

  • (used before vowels) ἀν- ‎(an-)

PrefixEdit

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. The alpha privativum, used to make words that have a sense opposite to the word (or stem) to which the prefix is attached. It is also known as privative a and alpha privative.
Usage notesEdit

The alpha is short, except in adjectives which begin with three short syllables not including ἀ- (e.g. ἀδάματος ‎(adámatos)) which have long alpha in Epic, and frequently also in Lyric, Tragic, or Comic poetry. ἀθάνατος ‎(athánatos) and all compounds thereof have long alpha invariably.

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ἀ- ‎(a-), ὀ- ‎(o-)

PrefixEdit

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. Alternative form of ἁ- ‎(ha-)

Etymology 3Edit

PrefixEdit

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. The alpha intensivum, used to strengthen the force of compounds.

Etymology 4Edit

PrefixEdit

ᾰ̓- ‎(a-)

  1. The alpha euphonicum, used to soften pronunciation before two consonants.

ReferencesEdit

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