ἄρδω

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Furnée compares παρδακός (pardakós, humid) (highly doubtful) and ἄρσεα (ársea, humid meadows). The latter proposal is attractive, as -σος is a typical Pre-Greek suffix. Furnée also follows the proposal by Kretschmer that ᾱ̓- is due to a pre-form *ἀϝάρδω, the prothetic vowel of which he explains as a substrate element. Neumann noted that several technical terms for irrigation are Pre-Greek, like ἄνδηρον (ándēron, raised bank by the side of a ditch) and γόργῡρα (górgūra, underground drain).

PronunciationEdit

 

VerbEdit

ἄ̄ρδω (á̄rdō)

  1. to water, irrigate
  2. (passive) to be watered
  3. to give drink to cattle
  4. (of rivers) to furnish drink for men
  5. (figuratively) to foster, cherish
  6. to guzzle, drink voraciously
  7. to pour forth, spill, gush

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit