ἅπαξ

See also: άπαξ

Ancient GreekEdit

Ancient Greek adverbial numbers
αʹ βʹ  > 
    Cardinal : εἷς (heîs)
    Ordinal : πρῶτος (prôtos)
    Adverbial : ἅπαξ (hápax)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-, zero-grade of *sem- (one). The second part is obscure, but the word may be some syncope of *ἁ-πακυς, from Proto-Indo-European *sm̥-pn̥kʷu- ((lit.) all-one). See Latin cūnctus.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdverbEdit

ᾰ̔́πᾰξ (hápax)

  1. once, one time, only once
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 12.22:
      σχέτλιοι, οἳ ζώοντες ὑπήλθετε δῶμ’ Ἀΐδαο,
      δισθανέες, ὅτε τ’ ἄλλοι ἅπαξ θνήσκουσ’ ἄνθρωποι.
      skhétlioi, hoì zṓontes hupḗlthete dôm’ Aḯdao,
      disthanées, hóte t’ álloi hápax thnḗskous’ ánthrōpoi.
      You reckless ones, who entered Hades' home while living,
      dying twice, when other men only die once!

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: άπαξ (ápax)

ReferencesEdit