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Ancient GreekEdit

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  – αʹ βʹ  > 
    Cardinal : εἷς ‎(heîs)
    Ordinal : πρῶτος ‎(prôtos)
    Adverbial : ἅπαξ ‎(hápax)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Traditionally held to be the superlative of πρό ‎(pró, before) (compare πρότερος ‎(próteros)), but it is unclear how such a contraction would come about. Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-, with cognates including Lithuanian pirmas, Sanskrit पूर्व ‎(pūrva), and Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀 ‎(paurva). In both cases, the ω and α forms are difficult to reconcile.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

πρῶτος ‎(prôtosm ‎(feminine πρώτη, neuter πρῶτον); first/second declension

  1. (ordinal) first
  2. earliest
  3. foremost, most prominent
  4. (mathematics) prime

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill
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