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Ancient GreekEdit

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  – αʹ βʹ  > 
    Cardinal : εἷς (heîs)
    Ordinal : πρῶτος (prôtos)
    Adverbial : ἅπαξ (hápax)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Traditionally held to be the superlative of πρό (pró, before) (compare πρότερος (próteros)), but it is unclear how such a contraction would come about. Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-, with cognates including Lithuanian pirmas, Sanskrit पूर्व (pūrva), and Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀 (paurva). In both cases, the ω (ō) and (ā) forms are difficult to reconcile.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /prɔ̂ː.tos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpro.tos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈpro.tos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈpro.tos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈpro.tos/
  • AdjectiveEdit

    πρῶτος (prôtosm (feminine πρώτη, neuter πρῶτον); first/second declension

    1. (ordinal) first
    2. earliest
    3. foremost, most prominent
    4. (mathematics) prime

    DeclensionEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit