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Ancient GreekEdit

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  – αʹ βʹ  > 
    Cardinal : εἷς (heîs)
    Ordinal : πρῶτος (prôtos)
    Adverbial : ἅπαξ (hápax)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Traditionally held to be the superlative of πρό (pró, before) (compare πρότερος (próteros)), but it is unclear how such a contraction would come about. Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European *pr̥H-, with cognates including Lithuanian pirmas, Sanskrit पूर्व (pūrva), and Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀 (paurva). In both cases, the ω and α forms are difficult to reconcile.

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

πρῶτος (prôtosm (feminine πρώτη, neuter πρῶτον); first/second declension

  1. (ordinal) first
  2. earliest
  3. foremost, most prominent
  4. (mathematics) prime

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit