See also: -εύς

Ancient Greek

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Cognate with Mycenaean Greek 𐀁𐀄- (e-u-). Has been connected with Sanskrit सु- (su-) and Hittite 𒀀𒀸𒋗𒍑 (āššuš), which would point to Proto-Indo-European *h₁su-; this may itself derive from *h₁es- (to be). A competing theory, however, connects the word with Sanskrit वसु (vásu-), Avestan 𐬬𐬊𐬵𐬎- (vohu-), Illyrian *Vescleves, Middle Irish feb (eminence), which would derive from a Proto-Indo-European *h₁wésus. This theory would be supported by a reading δὲ ἐάων (dè eáōn) in book 24, line 528 of the Iliad, where the lack of elision would suggest an initial *w; however, this reading is late and therefore uncertain.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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ἐῠ̈́ς (eǘs)

  1. (poetic) good, brave, noble
    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Iliad 2.819:
      Δαρδανίων αὖτ’ ἦρχεν ἐῢς πάϊς Ἀγχῑ́σᾱο Αἰνείᾱς
      Dardaníōn aût’ êrkhen eǜs páïs Ankhī́sāo Aineíās
      Aeneas, the brave son of Anchises, was again captain of the Dardanians.

Inflection

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Synonyms

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References

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