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Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ὀκτώ (oktṓ, eight) +‎ πούς (poús, foot).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ok.tɔ̌ː.poːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /okˈto.pus/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /okˈto.pus/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /okˈto.pus/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /okˈto.pus/
  • AdjectiveEdit

    ὀκτώπους (oktṓpousm, f (neuter ὀκτώπουν); third declension

    1. eight-footed

    InflectionEdit

    NounEdit

    ὀκτώπους (oktṓpousm (genitive ὀκτώποδος); third declension

    1. octopus

    InflectionEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Many words for "octopus" in other languages are instead either calques of "eight-foot" or from Latin polypus or from English Kraken. Some languages have more than one word for octopus from these sources, or from other sources altogether. Some of the languages that do have a word for "octopus" ultimately from this Ancient Greek source may also have a more primary term from another source.

    ReferencesEdit