あかん

(Redirected from 明かん)

Contents

JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

A contraction from the idiom 埒が明かぬ(rachi ga akanu, not get up to speed, not get off the ground, literally the fence doesn't open). akanu is an archaic negative form of the verb 明く(aku, to open, to open up).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

あかん ‎(romaji akan)

  1. negative form of あく.
  2. (Kansai) to make little progress; a waste of time
  3. (Kansai) something that is not good, something that is forbidden
     (さけ)あかん
    sake wa akan
    alcohol is forbidden

Usage notesEdit

Commonly used in western Japan, especially the Kansai dialects.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9