U+660E, 明
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-660E

[U+660D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+660F]
See also: 日月

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日月 (AB), four-corner 67020, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 491, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13805
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1491, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+660E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mraːŋ, *qʰɯd
*mraŋ
*mraŋ, *mraːŋs
*mreːŋ
*ʔmraːŋʔ

Traditionally interpreted as an ideogrammic compound (會意): (“sun”) + (“moon”). However, the etymology may be more complex, as older forms of the character show the moon shining through a window ().

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • màng - vernacular;
  • mìng - literary.
Note:
  • bêng - literary;
  • bîn, miâ - vernacular;
  • mê/mêe/mî/môa/mâ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 明年).
Note:
  • 3men - vernacular;
  • 3min - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (111)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/
English bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9188
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bright; light; brilliant
  2. clear; limpid
  3. tomorrow
  4. next; following
  5. to understand
    /   ―  jiǎngmíng  ―  to explain
  6. (~朝) Ming dynasty
  7. A surname​, listed as #111 on the Baijiaxing

See alsoEdit

Dynasties (朝代) in Chinese history
Name Time period Divisions
Xia
(~朝, ~代)
2070 – 1600 BCE
Shang
(~朝, ~代)
(~朝, ~代)
1600 – 1046 BCE
Zhou
(~朝, ~代)
1046 – 256 BCE Western Zhou
西周
Eastern Zhou
東周东周
Spring and Autumn period
春秋
Warring States period
戰國战国
Qin
(~朝, ~代)
221 – 206 BCE
Han
(~朝, ~代)
206 BCE – 220 CE Western Han
西漢西汉
Xin
(~朝)
Eastern Han
東漢东汉
Three Kingdoms
三國三国
220 – 280 CE Wei
Shu
Wu
Jin
(~朝, ~代)
265 – 420 CE Western Jin
西晉西晋
Eastern Jin
東晉东晋
Southern and Northern dynasties
南北朝
420 – 589 CE Northern dynasties
北朝
Northern Wei
北魏
Western Wei
西魏
Eastern Wei
東魏东魏
Northern Zhou
北周
Northern Qi
北齊北齐
Southern dynasties
南朝
Liu Song
劉宋刘宋
Southern Qi
南齊南齐
Liang
(~朝, ~代)
Chen
(~朝, ~代)
Sui
(~朝, ~代)
581 – 618 CE
Tang
(~朝, ~代)
618 – 907 CE
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms
五代十國五代十国
907 – 960 CE
Liao
(~朝, ~代)
907 – 1125 CE
Song
(~朝, ~代)
960 – 1279 CE Northern Song
北宋
Southern Song
南宋
Western Xia
西夏
1038 – 1227 CE
Western Liao
西遼西辽
1124 – 1218 CE
Yuan
(~朝, ~代)
1271 – 1368 CE
Ming
(~朝, ~代)
1368 – 1644 CE
Qing
(~朝, ~代)
1636 – 1912 CE

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. clear
  2. tomorrow
  3. bright

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana あきら, romaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(minh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.