See also: 日月

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
明-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
明-oracle.svg 明-bronze.svg 明-bigseal.svg 明-seal.svg

The traditional etymology follows the modern form in finding Ideogrammic compound (會意): ‎(sun) + ‎(moon). However, the etymology may be somewhat less simple, as alleged older forms of the character show the moon shining through a window ().

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日月 (AB), four-corner 67020, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 491, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13805
  • Dae Jaweon: page 852, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1491, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+660E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (111)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: míng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɣiæŋ/ /mɯiaŋ/ /miaŋ/ /miajŋ/ /miɐŋ/ /mĭɐŋ/ /mi̯ɐŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
míng ‹ mjæng › /*mraŋ/ bright

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9188 0 /*mraŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bright, light, brilliant
  2. clear
  3. tomorrow
  4. next, following
  5. to understand
    講明讲明 (jiǎngmíng, “to explain”)
    如果講畀 [Cantonese, trad.]
    如果讲畀 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Jyu4 gwo2 nei5 m4 ming4 zau6 jiu3 gong2 bei2 ngo5 teng1. [Jyutping]
    If you don't understand then you have to tell me.
  6. Ming Dynasty
  7. A surname​, listed as #111 on the Baijiaxing

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. clear
  2. tomorrow
  3. bright

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana あきら, romaji Akira)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(myeong) (hangeul , revised myeong, McCune-Reischauer myŏng, Yale myeng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(minh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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