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  1. stem of the Akebia, especially Akebia quinata or Akebia trifoliata (herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine to improve cardiac function and alleviate joint-pain.)


See alsoEdit

  • 药材 (medicinal materials in traditional Chinese medicine)


  • 关木通, stem of the Manchurian aristolochia


  •   木通 on the Chinese Wikipedia.Wikipedia zh
  • Nigel Wiseman, "English-Chinese Chinese-English Dictionary of Chinese Medicine", 1995. ISBN 7-5357-1656-3.
  • Dan Jiang, She-Po Shi, Ji-Juan Cao, Qi-Pin Gao, Peng-Fei Tu, "Triterpene saponins from the fruits of Akebia quinata", Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, Volume 36, Issue 2, February 2008, Pages 138-141.
  • Huimin Gao, Zhimin Wang, "Triterpenoid saponins and phenylethanoid glycosides from stem of Akebia trifoliata var. australis", Phytochemistry, Volume 67, Issue 24, December 2006, Pages 2697-2705.
  • Fumio Ikegami, Yuichi Fujii, Kazuhisa Ishihara, Tetsuo Satoh, "Toxicological aspects of Kampo medicines in clinical use", Chemico-Biological Interactions, Volume 145, Issue 3, 15 June 2003, Pages 235-250.
  • Huisheng Xie, Liu Huan, A.M. Merritt, E.A. Ott, "Equine chronic diarrhea: Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine review", Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, Volume 17, Issue 12, December 1997, Pages 667-674.