See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
木-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a tree: branches on top, roots on the bottom (more visible in earlier forms).

木 木 木 木
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 木 (D), four-corner 40900)

  1. tree
  2. wood, lumber
  3. wooden

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 509, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 888, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1149, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6728

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping muk6, Yale muk6)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ muk, Guangdong muk7, Hagfa Pinyim mug5)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

/ki2/: [kɨ], from [ki]

From Old Japanese. Likely developed from fusion of older form ko + (i, emphatic nominative particle), similar to the sound changes at work in in the shift from kamu to kami.

Now the modern Japanese word.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. a tree; a shrub
  2. wood, timber, lumber
  3. (graph theory, computer science) a tree (data structure)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Old Japanese. Possibly an intermediate form. Obsolete in modern Japanese, and never found in isolation; remains in certain place names. Even in ancient times, its use was apparently limited to eastern dialects.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. a tree
    麻都能乃 奈美多流美礼波 伊波妣等乃 和例乎美於久流等 多々理之母己呂[2]
    松のの 並みたる見れば 家人の 我れを見送ると 立たりしもころ
    まつのの なみたるみれば いはびとの われをみおくると たたりしもころ
    Matsu no ke no / namitaru mireba / iwabito no / ware o miokuru to / tatari shi mokoro
    Looking at the pine trees all in a row, they were just like the people from the household standing to see me off

Etymology 3Edit

/ko2/: [kə], from [ko̞]

Old Japanese. Likely the original form. Obsolete in modern Japanese, and never found in isolation; only found in compounds and certain idioms.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ko)

  1. a tree
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Chinese (muwk). The goon reading, so likely the original borrowing. Compare modern Cantonese (muk⁶).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana もく, romaji moku)

  1. a tree
  2. short for 木曜日 (​Mokuyōbi): Thursday
    When written in romaji, often capitalized as ​Moku.
  3. wood grain
    Often written .
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

From Middle Chinese . The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing. Compare literary Min Nan (bo̍k).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's character or behavior
  2. (derogatory) wooden, as of a person's mental abilities: blockheaded, stupid, dimwitted

NounEdit

(hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. a tree; more specifically, a living tree
  2. the bent and gnarled trunk or roots of an old tree
  3. wood, lumber
  4. something made of wood
  5. in ancient China, a wooden musical instrument
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 20, poem #4375); text here

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mok)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: mok, McCune-Reischauer: mok, Yale: mok)
  • Name (hangeul): 나무 (revised: namu, McCune-Reischauer: namu, Yale: namu)
  1. (나무 목, namu-): wood
  2. (as an abbreviation) Thursday

MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (mu4), shù (shu4), Wade-Giles mu4, shu4)

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. tree
  2. wood

AdjectiveEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin )

  1. wooden
  2. simple, plain
  3. numb

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-21.

Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*muk)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA bo̍k (bok8), ba̍k (bak8))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mộc, móc, mọc, mốc, mục)

Last modified on 14 April 2014, at 16:21