ChineseEdit

sand; gravel; granule cliff; rock
simp. and trad.
(砂岩)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

砂岩

  1. sandstone

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
がん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 砂岩 (MC ʃˠa *ngam, “sandstone”, literally “sand + rock”). Uses the kan'on reading, suggesting a later borrowing. Compare modern Cantonese reading saa1 ngaam4.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

砂岩(さがん) (sagan)

  1. (petrology) sandstone
  2. grit (such as for sanding, polishing, or traction)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しゃ
Grade: 6
がん
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Appears to be a shift from sagan above. Less common. Uses the goon reading of sha for the character.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

砂岩(しゃがん) (shagan)

  1. (petrology, uncommon) sandstone

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN