Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3
Grade: 3
かた > がた
Grade: 5
kan’on kan’yōon kun’yomi

Etymology edit

Compound of 平板 (heiban, flat; monotone) +‎ (gata, type)

Pronunciation edit

  • (Tokyo) ーばんがた [hèébáńgátá] (Heiban – [0])
  • IPA(key): [he̞ːbã̠ŋɡa̠ta̠]
  • (file)

Noun edit

(へい)(ばん)(がた) (heiban-gata

  1. (phonetics) monotone type: the most common pitch accent pattern in “standard” Japanese or (ひょう)(じゅん)() (hyōjungo), as used in the mass media, where no syllable is accented: the first syllable has a low pitch and all subsequent syllables have a higher, gradually lowering pitch

Usage notes edit

English Wikipedia has an article on:

All accent patterns in Japanese may be described as either 平板式(へいばんしき) (heiban-shiki) or ()伏式(ふくしき) (kifuku-shiki). While ()伏式(ふくしき) (kifuku-shiki) is further divided into (あたま)高型(だかがた) (atamadaka-gata), 中高型(なかだかがた) (nakadaka-gata), and ()高型(だかがた) (odaka-gata), there are no subcategories to 平板式(へいばんしき) (heiban-shiki). When contrasting with (あたま)高型(だかがた) (atamadaka-gata), 中高型(なかだかがた) (nakadaka-gata), or ()高型(だかがた) (odaka-gata), it is customary to use the word 平板型(へいばんがた) (heiban-gata) to avoid the inconsistency of comparing (がた) (-gata) with (しき) (-shiki).

Synonyms edit

See also edit