KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Seokbong cheonjamun (石峰千字文 / 석봉천자문), 1583, as Middle Korean 낫다 (Yale: nas-ta). Presumed original sense: "to get better" as a verb, splitting into a general adjective and a more semantically specific verb in modern usage. Compare Middle Korean 둏〯다〮 (Yale: tyǒh-tá, “to become good; to recover from an illness”), which this verb partially replaced.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈna̠(ː)t̚t͈a̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?natda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?nasda
McCune–Reischauer?natta
Yale Romanization?nās.ta

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 낫다 (natda)
Causative나수다 (nasuda)

낫다 (natda) (irregular, infinitive 나아, sequential 나으니)

  1. (intransitive) to recover from an illness

ConjugationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

낫다 (natda) (irregular, infinitive 나아, sequential 나으니)

  1. to be better (than something); to be superior

ConjugationEdit