See also: Superior

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French superior, from Latin superior(higher, being more above), from superus(being above), from super(above, over).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

superior ‎(not comparable)

  1. Higher in quality.
    Rebecca had always thought shorts were far superior to pants, as they didn't constantly make her legs itch.
  2. Higher in rank.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      There were many wooden chairs for the bulk of his visitors, and two wicker armchairs with red cloth cushions for superior people. From the packing-cases had emerged some Indian clubs, […], and all these articles […] made a scattered and untidy decoration that Mrs. Clough assiduously dusted and greatly cherished.
  3. More comprehensive, as a term in classification.
    A genus is superior to a species.
  4. Located above.
    the superior jaw; the superior part of an image
    1. (botany) Above the ovary; said of parts of the flower which, although normally below the ovary, adhere to it, and so appear to originate from its upper part; also of an ovary when the other floral organs are plainly below it in position, and free from it.
    2. (botany) Belonging to the part of an axillary flower which is toward the main stem; posterior.
    3. (botany) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit; ascending; said of the radicle.
    4. (typography) Printed in superscript.
      a superior figure or letter
  5. Greater or better than average; extraordinary.
  6. Beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by; with to.
    • Spectator
      There is not in earth a spectacle more worthy than a great man superior to his sufferings.

Usage notesEdit

  • Superior and inferior are generally followed by to; than is sometimes used mistakenly.

AntonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

superior ‎(plural superiors)

  1. A person of higher rank or quality.
  2. The senior person in a monastic community.

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

External linksEdit


CatalanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

superior m, f ‎(masculine and feminine plural superiors)

  1. superior, higher, high

NounEdit

superior m, f ‎(plural superiors)

  1. superior

LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

superior ‎(comparative of superus)

  1. higher
  2. superior
  3. previous, preceding

InflectionEdit

Third declension, comparative variant

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative superior superius superiōrēs superiōra
genitive superiōris superiōrum
dative superiōrī superiōribus
accusative superiōrem superius superiōrēs superiōra
ablative superiōre superiōribus
vocative superior superius superiōrēs superiōra

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • superior in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • superior in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.superior”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • heights, high ground: loca edita, superiora
    • last year: superiore, priore anno
    • premises; consequences: prima (superiora); consequentia (Fin. 4. 19. 54)
    • in his former consulship: superiore consulatu
    • to gain a weak case by clever pleading: causam inferiorem dicendo reddere superiorem (λόγον κρείττω ποιειν) (Brut. 8. 30)
    • to occupy the high ground: occupare loca superiora
    • to have the advantage in cavalry: equitatu superiorem esse
    • to come off victorious: superiorem (opp. inferiorem), victorem (proelio, pugna) discedere

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin superior.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

superior m, f ‎(plural superiores, comparable)

  1. upper, higher
  2. better
  3. superior

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

superior m (plural superiores, feminine superiora, feminine plural superioras)

  1. boss
  2. head of a monastery

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

superior m, n ‎(feminine singular superioară, masculine plural superiori, feminine and neuter plural superioare)

  1. superior

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

superior m, f ‎(plural superiores)

  1. upper, higher
  2. better
  3. superior

NounEdit

superior m ‎(plural superiores, feminine superiora)

  1. boss

SynonymsEdit