First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 얼굴 (elkwul). Further etymology unknown; various theories include:
- Derived from 얼 (eol, “spirit, soul”) + 골/굴 (modern 꼴 (kkol, “form, shape”));
- Derived from 얽— (eok-, “to bind, to tie up”);
- Derived from 얽— (eok-, “(of face) to be pitted (with smallpox)”).
- Phonetic Hangul[얼굴]
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?
얼굴 • (eolgul)