Korean edit

Etymology edit

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 톳〮기〮 (Yale: thwóskí).

Traditionally interpreted as Sino-Korean (to, rabbit) + unknown elements /-s-ki/, but seems more likely to be ultimately from Proto-Tungusic *tuksakī (hare).[1] The Sino-Korean etymology cannot give any clear source for the second syllable, while a very close match to the Tungusic is found in the dialectal Middle Korean form *투ᄭᅵ〮 (Yale: *thwùskí), attested in the place name 투ᄭᅵᆺ〮골〯 (Yale: Thwùskí-s-kwǒl, “rabbit valley”). The first syllable was probably then conflated with (thwo), leading to the modern form. Compare Oroqen tʊkʃakɪ (rabbit).

Pronunciation edit

토끼 (tokki)
Revised Romanization?tokki
Revised Romanization (translit.)?to'kki
Yale Romanization?tho.kki

Noun edit

토끼 (tokki) (counter 마리)

  1. hare, rabbit, bunny

Alternative forms edit

  • 톳기 (totgi), 톡기 (tokgi)obsolete spellings before standardization

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2003) “Etymological Notes on Some Paleosiberian and Tungusic Loanwords in Korean”, in Proceedings of the Center for Korean Language and Culture[1], numbers 5—6, St. Petersburg, Russia, pages 57—60