호랑이

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sino-Korean 호랑(虎狼) (horang, tiger, literally tigers and wolves) +‎ (-i, noun suffix). The meaning of "wolves" has been absorbed by "tiger". Displaced native (beom), which is now dated but survives in various compounds.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈɸʷo̞(ː)ɾa̠ŋi]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?horang'i
Revised Romanization (translit.)?holang'i
McCune–Reischauer?horangi
Yale Romanization?hōlangi

NounEdit

호랑이 (horang'i) (counter 마리, hanja 虎狼이)

  1. tiger
    호랑이 사자보다 크다.
    Horang'ineun sajaboda keuda.
    Tigers are bigger than lions.

SynonymsEdit

  • (beom) (dated)
  • 호랑 (horang) (rare, but more common in North Korea)

ReferencesEdit