KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of native Korean origin. From Middle Korean 보다 (Yale: pwota).

PronunciationEdit

Revised Romanization? boda
Revised Romanization (translit.)? boda
McCune–Reischauer? poda
Yale Romanization? pota
Audio
(file)

VerbEdit

보다 (boda) (infinitive or 보아, sequential 보니)

 
그들은 여러가지 화초를 보고 있다.
  1. to see, look at
    그들여러가지 화초보고 있다.
    Geudeureun yeoreogaji hwachoreul bogo itda.
    They are looking at various plants.
    서양인들은 보는 매우 중요시해실명 죽음마찬가지으로 생각했다고 한다.
    Seoyang-indeureun boneun geoseul mae-u jung-yosihaeseo silmyeong-eun got jugeumgwa machan-gajiin geoseuro saenggakhaetdago handa.
    Westerners are said to have placed great importance on seeing and thought that being blind was like death.
  2. to look after (a baby, child, house, etc.)
    아이보다
    aireul boda
    to look after a child
  3. to watch (a film, TV, etc.)
    영화보다
    yeonghwareul boda
    to watch a film
  4. to read (a book, newspaper, etc.)
    여가 시간에는 보는 습관들이좋다.
    Yeoga siganeneun chaegeul boneun seupgwaneul deurineun geosi jota.
    It is recommended to make a habit of reading books in your spare time.
  5. to examine (a document, patient, disorder, etc.)
  6. to take (an examination)
    시험 보면 겠습니다.
    Siheomeul jal bomyeon joketseumnida.
    I hope to do well on the test. (literally: It will be good if I take the test well.)
  7. to experience (a profit, loss, etc.)
  8. to relieve oneself
  9. (auxiliary verb) to try something; requires a main verb with -아/어 suffix or use attributively with (jeok).
    한번 생각해 볼게요.
    Hanbeon saenggakhae bolgeyo.
    I will consider it. (Literally, "I will try thinking about it.")
    한국 어요?
    Han-guge ga bon jeogi isseoyo?
    Have you ever been to (South) Korea?

Usage notesEdit

This verb does not mean "to try hard" (e.g., "I tried to pass the exam."). Here, the phrases —려(고) 하다 (ryeo(go) hada) or —려고 노력하다 (ryeogo noryeokhada) are used instead. Compare Japanese () (miru).

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AdverbEdit

보다 (boda)

  1. more
    보다
    boda nopge
    more higher; higher than
    보다 열심히
    boda yeolsimhi
    more enthusiastically
  2. rather

ParticleEdit

보다 (boda)

  1. than, rather than
    보다 가 더 크다.
    Naega gyaeboda kiga deo keuda.
    I'm taller than him.
    사실상 어느 보다
    sasilsang eoneu gotboda deo
    than practically anywhere else
    지리산보다 한라산이 더 높다.
    Jirisanboda hallasani deo nopda.
    Mount Halla is taller than Mount Jiri.
    (file)
    어제보다 오늘손님이 더 많다.
    Eojeboda oneuri sonnimi deo manta.
    There are more customers today than yesterday.
    (file)

Middle KoreanEdit

VerbEdit

보다〮 (pwòtá)

  1. to see
    • 1447, 석보상절 / 釋譜詳節 3:11ㄱ
      ᄒᆞᆫ 玉女 ᄀᆞᄐᆞ시니ᄅᆞᆯ 보ᅀᆞᆸ고 와 ᄉᆞᆯᄫᅩᄃᆡ 執杖釋의 ᄯᆞ니미 겨시더ᅌᅵ다.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1447, 석보상절 / 釋譜詳節 9:24 ㄴ
      아뫼나 ᄯᅩ 사ᄅᆞ미 모딘 ᄭᅮ믈 어더 구즌 相ᄋᆞᆯ 보거나 妖怪ᄅᆞᄫᆡᆫ 새 오거나 妖怪ᄂᆞᆫ 常例ᄅᆞᆸ디 아니ᄒᆞᆫ 荒唐ᄒᆞᆫ 이리라 잇논 ᄯᅡ해 온가짓 妖怪 뵈어나 ᄒᆞ거든 이 사ᄅᆞ미 種種 貴ᄒᆞ 거스로 뎌 藥師琉璃光如來ᄅᆞᆯ 恭敬ᄒᆞ야 供養ᄒᆞᅀᆞᄫᆞ면 머즌 ᄭᅮ미며 믈읫 됴티 몯ᄒᆞᆫ 이리 다 업서 분벼리 아니ᄃᆞ외며 믈블갈 모딘 것과 어려ᄫᅳᆫ 石壁과.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 1459, 월인석보 / 月印釋譜 18:21ㄱ
      이 經을 보ᅀᆞᆸ건댄 智로 體ᄅᆞᆯ 셰시고.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

ConjugationEdit

Accentual class H! stem
Declarative Connective Infinitive Conditional
보다〮 (pwòtá) 보고〮 (pwòkwó) 보〮아〮 (pwóá) 보면〮 (pwòmyén)

DescendantsEdit

  • Korean: 보다 (boda)