𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎠

Contents

Old PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arta ("honoured") + Xerxes ("a king"), "the honoured king".

Akin to Parthian 𐭀𐭓𐭕𐭇𐭔𐭕𐭓(Ardaxšahr) (< *Artaxšaθra-).

Proper nounEdit

𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎠 ‎(Artaxšaçām

  1. Artaxerxes

DescendantsEdit

(Taking Old Persian as representative for all Old Iranian)

  • Middle Persian: 𐭠𐭥𐭲𐭧𐭱𐭲𐭥(ʾrtḥštr)
  • → Akkadian: [script needed](Ar-ta-ʾ-ḫa-šá-is-su), [script needed](Ar-ta-ak-šá-as-su), [script needed](Ar-ták-(ša-)šat-su), [script needed](Ar-ták-šat-šu), [script needed](Ar-taḫ-ša/šá-as-su), [script needed](Ar-táḫ-ša-as(-siš, -si-iš, -is-su)), [script needed](Ar-ták-ša-as-su, Al-tàk-šat-su)
  • → Ancient Greek: Ἀρταξέρξης(Artaxérxēs) < Ἀρταξέσσης(Artaxéssēs)
  • → Ancient Greek: Άρταξίας(Ártaxías)
  • → Old Armenian: Արտաշէս(Artašēs)
  • → Aramaic: [script needed](ʾrtḥšsš)
  • → Biblical Aramaic: [script needed](ʾrtḥšśtʾ), ʾrtḥšstʾ
  • → Biblical Hebrew: [script needed](ʾrtḥšśtʾ), אַרְתַּחְשַׁסְתְּא m(artaḥshásta [ʾrtḥšstʾ])
  • → Egyptian [script needed](ʾrṭḫšsš), [script needed](ʾrṭḫššs)
  • → Elamite: [script needed](Ir-tak-(ik-)ša-aš-ša), [script needed](Ir-tak-ik-ša-iš-ša), [script needed](Ir-da-ik-ša-iš-ša)
  • → Lycian [script needed](Ertakssiraza-) (posssibly)
  • → Lydian [script needed](Artakśassa-)

ReferencesEdit