Old Turkic edit

Old Turkic cardinal numbers
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    Cardinal : 𐰋𐰃𐱁 (béš)
    Ordinal : 𐰋𐰃𐱁𐰨 (béšinč)

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Turkic *bẹ̄ĺ (five). Cognate with Chuvash пиллӗк (pillĕk, five), Karakhanid بٖيشْ (bḗš, five) Azerbaijani beş (five), Turkish beş (five), Gagauz beş (five), Uzbek besh, Bashkir биш (biş), Yakut биэс (bies, five).

Numeral edit

𐰋𐰃𐱁 (béš)

  1. five
    • 9th century CE, Irk Bitig, Omen 67
      𐰉𐰺𐰽:𐰖𐰃𐰞:𐰚𐰃𐰤𐱅𐰃:𐰖:𐰋𐰃𐰾:𐰘𐰃𐰏𐰼𐰢𐰃𐰚𐰀
      bars:yïl:ekinti:ay:béš:yégirmike
      In the Year of Tiger, on the fifteenth (day of) the second month,

Alternative forms edit

References edit

  • Tekin, Talât (1968) “biš”, in A Grammar of Orkhon Turkic (Uralic and Altaic Series; 69), Bloomington: Indiana University, →ISBN, page 316
  • Tekin, Talât (1993) “biş”, in Irk Bitig: The Book of Omens, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 52
  • Clauson, Gerard (1972) “bé:ş”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 376