Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

First attested in 1705. From the -ir ending of German -ieren (verb-forming suffix) + -oz.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit


  1. (verb-forming suffix) Mainly added to loanwords to naturalize them in Hungarian. Partially productive.
    kandíroz (to candy)

Usage notes edit

  • (verb-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -íroz is added to back vowel words
    -éroz is added to front vowel words

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ -íroz in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)