Mongolian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Classical Mongolian ᠊ᠲᠠᠢ (-tai, ornative suffix), from Middle Mongol ᠲᠠᠢ (tʾy /⁠tai⁠/), ᠊ᠲᠠᠢ (-lʾy /⁠-tai⁠/, feminine singular ornative suffix).

-и- (-i-) was a stem-final vowel kept pronounced in some agglutinative structures, and could be somehow considered as an anaptyxis.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-итай (-itaj) (to stems ending in -хь (-xʹ), -дь (-dʹ), and -ть (-tʹ), supplanting their silent final ())

  1. (still productive) Forms the ornative form.
    даахь (daaxʹ, frizzy hair) + ‎-итай (-itaj) → ‎даахитай (daaxitaj, have/has/having frizzy hair)
    задь (zadʹ, nutmeg) + ‎-итай (-itaj) → ‎задитай (zaditaj, have/has/having a nutmeg/nutmegs)
  2. Forms the comitative case.
    даахь (daaxʹ, frizzy hair) + ‎-итай (-itaj) → ‎даахитай (daaxitaj, with frizzy hair)
    задь (zadʹ, nutmeg) + ‎-итай (-itaj) → ‎задитай (zaditaj, with a nutmeg)

Inflection edit

Alternative forms edit