See also: ъ, ѣ, and Ь

Translingual edit

 
ь U+044C, ь
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
ы
[U+044B]
Cyrillic э
[U+044D]
 
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Letter edit

ь (upper case Ь)

  1. A letter of the Cyrillic script, called soft sign.

Letter edit

ь (upper case Ь)

  1. A letter of the Old Cyrillic script, called front yer or yeri.

Letter edit

ь (upper case Ь)

 
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  1. (obsolete) A letter of the Unified Northern Alphabet, Yañalif and similar orthographies, used during the short-lived Soviet Latinization campaign of the 1930s.
    Languages with this letter were Altai (Oyrot), Bashkir, Cherkes, Chukchi, Crimean Tatar, Dungan, Kabardin, Kazakh, Kalmuk, Karakalpak, Karachay, Ket, Khakass, Khanty, Koryak, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Mansi, Nogai, Oyrot, Permiak, Selkup, Tabasaran, Tatar and Turkmen.

Usage notes edit

Where Ь ь were used in Latin script, small-capital ʙ was used as the lower-case form of B.

In most languages, it was pronounced /ɨ/ or /ɯ/, corresponding to Anatolian Turkish ı. The exception was Kalmuk, where it had its Cyrillic sound value of palatalization.

Gallery edit

Abaza edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The sixty-eighth letter of the Abaza alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Abkhaz edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (upper case Ь)

  1. A letter of the Abkhaz alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.. Palatalizes a preceding consonant letter.

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Adyghe edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The sixty-first letter of the Adyghe alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Aghul edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The fiftieth letter of the Aghul alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Alutor edit

Letter edit

ь (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Alutor alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Avar edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-third letter of the Avar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Bashkir edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Bashkir alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Belarusian edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Belarusian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Bulgarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • In the digraph ьо: IPA(key): [jɔ]

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Bulgarian alphabet, called ер малък (er malǎk), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Usage notes edit

  • This letter is only ever used following a consonant as the digraph ьо (e.g. in шофьор (šofjor)) to denote palatalization.

See also edit

Buryat edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Buryat alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Chechen edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-third letter of the Chechen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Chukchi edit

Letter edit

ь (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Chukchi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Chuvash edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-fourth letter of the Chuvash alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Crimean Tatar edit

Letter edit

ь (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-fourth letter of the Crimean Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Dargwa edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-third letter of the Dargwa alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Dungan edit

Letter edit

ь (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Dungan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Eastern Mari edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Eastern Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Even edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Even alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Evenki edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Evenki alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Ingush edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-first letter of the Ingush alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Itelmen edit

Letter edit

ь (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-fourth letter of the Itelmen alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Kabardian edit

Letter edit

ь (ʲ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The fifty-fifth letter of the Kabardian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kalmyk edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Kalmyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kazakh edit

Alternative scripts
Arabic n/a
Cyrillic ь
Latin n/a
Yañalif ь

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-ninth letter of the Kazakh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Khakas edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Khakas alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Kumyk edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Kumyk alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Kyrgyz edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet, called ичкертүү белгиси (ickertüü belgisi), and written in the Cyrillic script.

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Lezgi edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-second letter of the Lezgi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Mansi edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Mansi alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Mongolian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Mongolian alphabet, called зөөлний тэмдэг (zöölnii temdeg), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Nivkh edit

Letter edit

ь (j) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-third letter of the Nivkh alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Ossetian edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The fortieth letter of the Ossetian alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

Usage notes edit

Only used in Russian borrowings.

See also edit

Romanian edit

Letter edit

ь (i) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Moldovan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

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Russian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Russian alphabet, called мягкий знак (mjaxkij znak), and written in the Cyrillic script.

Usage notes edit

  • The soft sign has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant by causing it to be pronounced palatalized (i.e. soft).
  • Less commonly, it just has a traditional orthographic usage with no phonetic meaning. For example, nouns ending in ч, ш, ж and щ are pronounced identically to their counterparts ending in чь, шь, жь and щь, but they have different grammatical genders and declensions.
  • It also has the function of a separation sign: vowels after the soft sign are pronounced separately from the previous consonant and are iotated. Compare льют (lʹjut) [lʲjut] and лют (ljut) [lʲut].

See also edit

Southern Altai edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-fourth letter of the Southern Altai alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tabasaran edit

Letter edit

ь (ʼ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The forty-third letter of the Tabasaran alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tatar edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-sixth letter of the Tatar alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tundra Nenets edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ°) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Tundra Nenets alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Tuvan edit

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Tuvan alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Udmurt edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Udmurt alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Ukrainian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ʲ]
  • (file)

Letter edit

ь (ʹ) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Ukrainian alphabet, called м’який знак (mʺjakyj znak), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Uzbek edit

Letter edit

ь (transliteration needed) (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Uzbek alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Western Mari edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-fourth letter of the Western Mari alphabet, written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit

Yakut edit

Letter edit

ь () (lower case, upper case Ь)

  1. The thirty-seventh letter of the Yakut alphabet, called сымнатар бэлиэ (sımnatar belie), and written in the Cyrillic script.

See also edit