Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From gŵr (man), but semantically influenced due to similarity in form to English -er and Latin -or.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-iwr m (plural -wyr)

  1. suffix indicating a person, especially an agent noun: -er, -or
    Synonyms: -edydd, -iedydd, -wr, -ydd
    pêl-droed (football, soccer) + ‎-iwr → ‎pêl-droediwr (footballer, soccer player)
    cyfraith (law) + ‎-iwr → ‎cyfreithiwr (solictor, lawyer, attorney)
    Rhufain (Rome) + ‎-iwr → ‎Rhufeiniwr (Roman)

Usage notes edit

  • Despite being grammatically masculine, -iwr only refers solely to males when a coordinate female term is available, for example, Rhufeiniwr (Roman (male)) vs Rhufeines (Roman (female)). When no female term is in current use, the grammatically masculine term in -iwr is neutral as regards biological sex, for example cyfreithiwr (solictor, lawyer, attorney (male or female)). Use of the explicitly female suffix -wraig is old-fashioned outside of certain established terms.

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “-iwr”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies