Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-or

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an agent noun, indicating a person who does something.
  2. (electrical science) Suffix appended to the names of members of classes of components, especially those that have an extensive property name of the same root suffixed with -ance
    Resistors possess resistance and inductors possess inductance.

Usage notesEdit

English generally appends this suffix where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. For other words, English tends to use the suffix -er. Occasionally both are used (computer vs. computor).

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

(feminine agent)

Coordinate termsEdit

  • -ee (converse form; one who receives from the actor)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • -er (alternative spelling)
  • -rix (feminine form)

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

SuffixEdit

-or m (feminine singular -ore, masculine plural -orë, feminine plural -ore)

  1. An suffix that forms adjectives which do not require adjectival articles

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Modeled after -ar and -os.

SuffixEdit

-or

  1. Used to denote the future infinitive of a verb.
    Tu mustas kompror lakto kande tu es che la butiko.
    You must buy milk when you are at the shop.

Related termsEdit

  • -ar (present infinitive tense)
  • -ir (past infinitive tense)

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

For earlier -ōs, from Proto-Indo-European *-ōs, for original **-oss, i.e. the neuter s-stem *-os with masculine nominative *-s. The ō from the nominative case was made common to all cases originally with non-ablauting o (the three exceptions were arbor, mulier and Cerēs). Afterwards nom.sg. -ōr > -or, by Latin sound laws. Thus paradoxically, as in the r-stems (soror, -tor), in the resulting paradigm the one form with a short stem vowel is the only form whose stem was etymologically long.[1]

SuffixEdit

-or m (genitive -ōris); third declension

  1. used to form a third-declension masculine abstract noun from a verb root or conceived root form
    amō (I love)amor (love)
    timeō (I fear”, “I am afraid)timor (fear)
DeclensionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -or -ōrēs
genitive -ōris -ōrum
dative -ōrī -ōribus
accusative -ōrem -ōrēs
ablative -ōre -ōribus
vocative -or -ōrēs
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Non-lemma forms.

SuffixEdit

-or

  1. first-person singular present passive indicative of

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press

NorwegianEdit

SuffixEdit

-or

  1. A plural marker, used on feminine gender nouns ending with an unstressed -e [-a].

Usage notesEdit

The -or suffix is a bracket form in Nynorsk whereas -er is the main form. In Bokmål, -er is the only allowed suffix.


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Proto-Germanic *-ar-. Akin to Old High German -ar

SuffixEdit

-or (adjectival)

  1. suffix forming adjectives from verbs denoting tendency or causation
    slipor "slippery", from slīpan "to slip, glide"
    wacor, waccor "vigilant, watchful", from wacian "to be awake, be watchful"
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Proto-Germanic *-áz. Akin to Old Saxon -or, Old High German -ur

SuffixEdit

-or m (noun)

  1. Suffix variant found on masculine a-stem nouns
    dōgor "day" (cf dæġ)
    ċeolor "collar, throat" (cf ċeole)
    ealdor "cheiftain, ruler" (cf eald)
    sigor "victory" (cf siġe)
    salor "hall, palace" (cf sele)
    telgor "branch, twig" (cf telga)
DeclensionEdit

Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -(a)tor.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-or (nominative singular -ere, occasionally -ors)

  1. -er, suffix used to form agent nouns

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -or.

Alternative formsEdit

  • -eur
  • -our (late Anglo-Norman)
  • -ur (early Anglo-Norman)

SuffixEdit

-or (nominative singular -or)

  1. -ness, indicates a quality, a characteristic
    blanchor
    whiteness
DescendantsEdit
  • Middle French: -eur (both etymologies)
    • French: -eur (both etymologies)
  • Norman: -eux

Derived termsEdit



Serbo-CroatianEdit

SuffixEdit

-or (Cyrillic spelling -ор)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession or a performer, used chiefly for words of Latin origin.

See alsoEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-or

  1. A plural marker. This marker is the regular plural for common gender nouns ending with an unstressed -a. Such an -a disappears when -or is added. The marker is used, however, with a few other nouns as well.
    docka "doll" - dockor "dolls"
    våg "wave" - vågor "waves"