Finnish edit

Etymology 1 edit

Contraction of -kos

Pronunciation edit

Particle edit

-ks (colloquial, enclitic particle)

  1. Synonym of -ko (interrogative clitic)
    löytyyks mitää?are you finding anything?
Usage notes edit
  • Not subject to vowel harmony; both -kos and -kös become -ks.
  • Even though etymologically -ks contains the clitic -s, in practice it is used colloquially as a general interrogative clitic and is as neutral as -ko (other than being colloquial).

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-ks (colloquial, dialectal)

  1. Alternative form of -ksi.

Ingrian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Finnic *-ksi. Cognates include Finnish -ksi and Estonian -ks.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit


  1. Used to form the translative case.
  2. (folk poetic, obsolete) Together with a possessive suffix, used to form the long first infinitive with the meaning "in order to".
    • 1915, Volmari Porkka, quoting Oute Loan kylästä, “1140. Soikkola, Tarinaisi, III2”, in Väinö Salminen, editor, Suomen Kansan Vanhat Runot. Länsi-Inkerin runot[2], volume III1, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, lines 1-2:
      Etsi maata maataksee // Lehtoa levätäksee
      She searched for land to lie down // For woods to take a break

Usage notes edit

  • In the Soikkola dialect, in the function of the translative case, may trigger vowel elongation of the preceding vowel.

Inflection edit

Possessive forms of -ks
possessor singular plural
1st person -kseen -ksemme
2nd person -ksees -ksenne
3rd person -ksee -ksesse

References edit

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[3], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 44