See also: stit, stít, štit, and štít

Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Samic *-stētēk.

SuffixEdit

-stit (with odd-syllable stems -astit)

  1. Forms verbs indicating a quick, sudden or sharp action.
    njuiket (to jump once) + ‎-stit → ‎njuikestit (to jump (once) quickly)
  2. Forms verbs indicating a small amount.
    addit (to give) + ‎-stit → ‎attestit (to give a little)
    buorránit (to get better) + ‎-stit → ‎buorránastit (to get a little better)
Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit
Odd, no gradation
infinitive -stit
1st sing. present -stan
1st sing. past -stin
-stedjen
infinitive -stit action noun -steapmi
present participle -steaddji action inessive -steamen
-steame
past participle -stan action elative -steamis
agent participle action comitative -stēmiin
abessive -skeahttá
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -stan -stin
-stedjen
-stēhkon
2nd singular -stat -stit
-stedjet
-s
3rd singular -sta -stii -stēhkos
-stus
1st dual -stetne -steimme -steadnu
2nd dual -steahppi -steidde -steahkki
3rd dual -steaba -steigga -stēhkoska
1st plural -stit
-stat
-steimmet -stēhkot
-steatnot
2nd plural -stēhpet -steiddet -stēhket
3rd plural -stit -ste
-stedje
-stēhkoset
connegative -s -stan -s
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -stivččen -steaččan
2nd singular -stivččet -steaččat
3rd singular -stivččii -steš
-steaš
-steažžá
1st dual -stivččiime -stežže
2nd dual -stivččiide -steažžabeahtti
3rd dual -stivččiiga -steažžaba
1st plural -stivččiimet -steažžat
2nd plural -stivččiidet -steažžabehtet
3rd plural -stivčče -stežžet
connegative -stivčče -steš
-steaš
-steačča
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Samic *-stëtēk.

SuffixEdit

-stit (with odd-syllable stems -astit)

  1. Forms verbs indicating using something.
    niibi (knife) + ‎-stit → ‎niibbástit (to use a knife)
    čeabẹt (collar) + ‎-stit → ‎čeabẹhastit (to put a collar on)
  2. Forms verbs indicating an activity that has to do with something.
    guolli (fish) + ‎-stit → ‎guolástit (to fish)
    eaiggát (owner) + ‎-stit → ‎eaiggádastit (to act as owner)
Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit
Odd, no gradation
infinitive -stit
1st sing. present -stan
1st sing. past -stin
-stedjen
infinitive -stit action noun -steapmi
present participle -steaddji action inessive -steamen
-steame
past participle -stan action elative -steamis
agent participle action comitative -stēmiin
abessive -skeahttá
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -stan -stin
-stedjen
-stēhkon
2nd singular -stat -stit
-stedjet
-s
3rd singular -sta -stii -stēhkos
-stus
1st dual -stetne -steimme -steadnu
2nd dual -steahppi -steidde -steahkki
3rd dual -steaba -steigga -stēhkoska
1st plural -stit
-stat
-steimmet -stēhkot
-steatnot
2nd plural -stēhpet -steiddet -stēhket
3rd plural -stit -ste
-stedje
-stēhkoset
connegative -s -stan -s
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -stivččen -steaččan
2nd singular -stivččet -steaččat
3rd singular -stivččii -steš
-steaš
-steažžá
1st dual -stivččiime -stežže
2nd dual -stivččiide -steažžabeahtti
3rd dual -stivččiiga -steažžaba
1st plural -stivččiimet -steažžat
2nd plural -stivččiidet -steažžabehtet
3rd plural -stivčče -stežžet
connegative -stivčče -steš
-steaš
-steačča
Derived termsEdit