From Persian ـستان (-estān), from Middle Persian -stʾn' (-estān), from Old Persian 𐎿𐎫𐎠𐎴 (s-t-a-n /stāna/), from Proto-Iranian *stáHnam, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *stʰáHnam, from Proto-Indo-European *steh₂- (“to stand”).
- Used in the names of regions in the Middle East and Central Asia which were historically influenced by Persian and Turkic cultures.
- (often humorous) Used to form fictitious or metaphoric country names, often with a connotation of it being an exotic or hostile country.
- (derogatory, ethnic slur) Used after European and American place names to emphasize that there are many Middle Easterners or Muslims there.
Corresponding demonym usually formed by suffixing -i, yielding -stani. When the root is an ethnicity, the -stani form refers to the nationality, not ethnicity. Compare Tajik (“member of Tajik ethnic group”) and Tajikistani (“inhabitant of nation of Tajikistan”).
- Alternative form of