Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-trom

(Redirected from Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/-trom)
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

*-dʰlom (occuring with roots ending in *-h₁ or *-h₂. See e.g. fābula from root *bʰeh₂- ‎(to speak)), *-dʰrom, *-tlom

EtymologyEdit

Thematicized from the zero-grade of *-tḗr.

Originally the neuter gender of some adjective *-tros meaning "of the doer, of doing". Of note is the similar development later exercised by daughter languages (e.g. Latin -tor > -tōrius ‎(of the doer, of doing) > -tōrium ‎(thing/ place of the doer)).

SuffixEdit

*(é)-trom n

  1. Forms nouns denoting a tool or instrument.

InflectionEdit

Thematic
singular
nominative *(é)-trom
genitive *(é)-trosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *(é)-trom *(é)-troy(h₁) *(é)-treh₂
vocative *(é)-trom *(é)-troy(h₁) *(é)-treh₂
accusative *(é)-trom *(é)-troy(h₁) *(é)-treh₂
genitive *(é)-trosyo *? *(é)-trooHom
ablative *(é)-tread *? *(é)-tromos
dative *(é)-troey *? *(é)-tromos
locative *(é)-trey, *(é)-troy *? *(é)-troysu
instrumental *(é)-troh₁ *? *(é)-trōys

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press
  • Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, page 61
  • OLSEN (1989)