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LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • -sor (in forms derived from primarily third conjugation verbs with stems ending in -t-, -d-, -rg-, -ll-, or -rr-.)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *-tōr, from Proto-Indo-European *-tōr < *-tor-s. The ō from the nominative case was made common to all cases. Afterwards nom.sg. -tōr > -tor, by Latin sound laws. Paradoxically, as in other r-stems (soror, -or), in the resulting paradigm the one form with a short stem vowel is the only form whose stem was etymologically long.[1]

Cognate to Ancient Greek -τωρ (-tōr), as in δώτωρ (dṓtōr), and -τήρ (-tḗr), as in δοτήρ (dotḗr), from a separate ablaut *-tḗr (agentive suffix).

Compare Latin -trum (instrumental suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *-tr-o-m (instrumental suffix).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-tor m (genitive -tōris); third declension

  1. -er; used to form a masculine agent noun

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -tor is added to a verb to create a third-declension masculine form of an agent noun.

Examples:
cantor (male singer); masculine counterpart of cantrīx (female singer), from canō (I sing)
tōnsor (male hair cutter); masculine counterpart of tōnstrīx (female hair cutter), from tondeō (I shear, shave)
quadrātor (stonecutter), from quadrō (I make square)

The suffix -tor occasionally is added to a noun to create an agent noun.

Examples:
gladiātor (gladiator), from gladius (sword)
malleātor (hammerer), from malleus (hammer)

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -tor -tōrēs
genitive -tōris -tōrum
dative -tōrī -tōribus
accusative -tōrem -tōrēs
ablative -tōre -tōribus
vocative -tor -tōrēs

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -tor (through a Vulgar Latin form *-torius, and feminine -toare from *-toria). With some neologisms based off French -teur. Ultimately from Proto-Italic *-tōr, from Proto-Indo-European *-tōr < *-tor-s.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-tor m, n (feminine singular -toare, masculine plural -tori, feminine and neuter plural -toare)

  1. -er (used to form nouns from verbs)
    băutor - drinker
    călător - traveler
    făcător - maker
DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -tōrius.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-tor m, n (feminine singular -toare, masculine plural -tori, feminine and neuter plural -toare)

  1. -ing (used to form adjectives from verbs)
    uimitor - amazing
    strălucitor - shining
DeclensionEdit
See alsoEdit