Alternative formsEdit

  • -sor in forms derived from primarily third conjugation verbs with stems ending in -t-, -d-, -rg-, -ll-, or -rr-.


From Proto-Indo-European *-tōr. The variant -sor came into being when -tōr- was attached to stems with final d or t. Cognate to the Ancient Greek suffixes -τωρ ‎(-tōr) as in δώτωρ ‎(dṓtōr) and -τήρ ‎(-tḗr) as in δοτήρ ‎(dotḗr). Cognate to the Latin suffix -trum (from *tr-o-m which has a zero-grade ablaut between t and r). While -tor creates agent nouns, -trum creates instrument nouns. Example: arātor ‎(ploughman) — arātrum ‎(plough).



-tor m ‎(genitive -tōris); third declension

  1. -er; used to form a masculine agent noun

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -tor is added to a verb to create a third-declension masculine form of an agent noun.

cantor ‎(male singer); masculine counterpart of cantrīx ‎(female singer), from canō ‎(I sing)
tōnsor ‎(male hair cutter); masculine counterpart of tōnstrīx ‎(female hair cutter), from tondeō ‎(I shear, shave)
quadrātor ‎(stonecutter), from quadrō ‎(I make square)

The suffix -tor occasionally is added to a noun to create an agent noun.

gladiātor ‎(gladiator), from gladius ‎(sword)
malleātor ‎(hammerer), from malleus ‎(hammer)


Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -tor -tōrēs
genitive -tōris -tōrum
dative -tōrī -tōribus
accusative -tōrem -tōrēs
ablative -tōre -tōribus
vocative -tor -tōrēs

Related termsEdit


See alsoEdit



Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -tor (through a Vulgar Latin form *-torius, and feminine -toare from *-toria), with some neologisms based off French -teur.

Alternative formsEdit


-tor m sg, n sg ‎(m plural -tori, f singular, f & n plural -toare)

  1. -er (used to form nouns from verbs)
    băutor - drinker
    călător - traveler
    făcător - maker

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -tōrius.

Alternative formsEdit


-tor ‎(m plural -tori, f singular, f & n plural -toare)

  1. -ing (used to form adjectives from verbs)
    uimitor - amazing
    strălucitor - shining
See alsoEdit
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