- Palæstinian (archaic)
- Rhymes: -ɪniən
- Of, from, or pertaining to Palestine or the Palestinian people.
Prior to 1948, "Palestinian" was used in reference to the whole area known at that time as Palestine before the establishment of the State of Israel. For example, today’s English‐language Israeli newspaper The Jerusalem Post was called The Palestine Post under the British Mandate of Palestine; also the Palestinian Orchestra was a Jewish orchestra.
- Philistine (which see for more)
Palestinian (plural Palestinians)
- An inhabitant of Palestine or an Arab descending from that area.
- 2011 [September 24, 1977], Carter, Jimmy, White House Diary, →ISBN, LCCN 2010015544, OCLC 712116640, OL 26333774M, page 107:
- We got a message back from Israel that they were withdrawing their troops immediately from Lebanon. We are notifying the Syrians and the Lebanese and demanding that they mutually participate in a cease-fire and withdrawal of the Palestinians back ten kilometers from the Israeli borders.
- An inhabitant of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, legally governed by the Palestinian National Authority.
- Pal, Pally (informal)
- Filastini (chiefly used by Muslims and Arabs)
- Falestinian, Filastinian (rare, chiefly used by Muslims and Arabs)
- Fakestinian, Palestinkian (derogatory and hence offensive)