- A taxonomic family within the order Galliformes—various terrestrial, ground-living birds: the pheasants, partridges, junglefowl (including the chicken), Old World quail, francolins, monals and peafowl.
- Subfamilies Meleagridinae and Tetraoninae are sometimes classified as distinct families: Meleagrididae and Tetraonidae. The family Numididae (guineafowls) has also sometimes been included as a subfamily.
- (family): Meleagridinae (turkeys), Perdicinae (partridges), Phasianinae (pheasants, junglefowl and related birds), Tetraoninae (grouse) (subfamilies)
- 2006, Gill, F. and Wright, M., Birds of the World: Recommended English Names, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0691128276: