From Early Modern English familie (not in Middle English), from Latin familia (“the servants in a household, domestics collectively”), from famulus (“servant”) or famula (“female servant”), from Old Latin famul, of obscure origin. Perhaps derived from or cognate to Oscan famel (“servant”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈfæm(ɪ)li/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈfæm(ə)li/, /ˈfæmɪli/
Audio (US) (file)
- (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈfɛm(ɘ)li/
- Hyphenation: fa‧mi‧ly, fam‧ily
- (countable) A group of people who are closely related to one another (by blood, marriage or adoption); kin; for example, a set of parents and their children; an immediate family.
- Our family lives in town.
- 1892, Walter Besant, “Prologue: Who is Edmund Gray?”, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, […], OCLC 16832619:
- Such a scandal as the prosecution of a brother for forgery—with a verdict of guilty—is a most truly horrible, deplorable, fatal thing. It takes the respectability out of a family perhaps at a critical moment, when the family is just assuming the robes of respectability: […] it is a black spot which all the soaps ever advertised could never wash off.
- 2013 June 1, “Towards the end of poverty”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 11:
- America’s poverty line is $63 a day for a family of four. In the richer parts of the emerging world $4 a day is the poverty barrier. But poverty’s scourge is fiercest below $1.25 ([…]): people below that level live lives that are poor, nasty, brutish and short.
- 2018 May 6, John Oliver, “Rudy Giuliani”, in Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, season 5, episode 10, HBO:
- They’re both New Yorkers coasting on their reputations, they’ve both had three marriages, neither of them can shut up when in front of a camera, and perhaps most importantly, they both want to fuck Ivanka, which-which is weird for Trump because Ivanka is in his family, and it’s weird for Giuliani because she isn’t.
- (countable) An extended family; a group of people who are related to one another by blood or marriage.
- 1915, William T. Groves, A History and Genealogy of the Groves Family in America
- (countable) A (close-knit) group of people related by blood, friendship, marriage, law, or custom, especially if they live or work together.
- crime family, Mafia family
- This is my fraternity family at the university.
- (uncountable, taxonomy) lineage, especially an honorable one
- 1853, Charles Dickens, Bleak House, ch 2:
- Indeed, he married her for love. A whisper still goes about that she had not even 'family'; howbeit, Sir Leicester had so much family that perhaps he had enough and could dispense with any more.
- 1853, Charles Dickens, Bleak House, ch 2:
- (countable, taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below order and above genus; a taxon at that rank.
- Magnolias belong to the family Magnoliaceae.
- 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page 4:
- The closest affinities of the Jubulaceae are with the Lejeuneaceae. The two families share in common: a elaters usually 1-spiral, trumpet-shaped and fixed to the capsule valves, distally […].
- (countable) Any group or aggregation of things classed together as kindred or related from possessing in common characteristics which distinguish them from other things of the same order.
- Doliracetam is a drug from the racetam family.
- 2010, Gary Shelly, Jennifer Campbell, Ollie Rivers, Microsoft Expression Web 3: Complete (page 262)
- When creating a font family, first decide whether to use all serif or all sans-serif fonts, then choose two or three fonts of that type […]
- (countable, music) A group of instruments having the same basic method of tone production.
- the brass family; the violin family
- (countable, linguistics) A group of languages believed to have descended from the same ancestral language.
- the Indo-European language family; the Afro-Asiatic language family
- Used attributively.
- The dog was kept as a family pet.
- For Apocynaceae, this type of flower is a family characteristic.
- 2013 June 14, Jonathan Freedland, “Obama's once hip brand is now tainted”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 1, page 18:
- Now we are liberal with our innermost secrets, spraying them into the public ether with a generosity our forebears could not have imagined. Where we once sent love letters in a sealed envelope, or stuck photographs of our children in a family album, now such private material is despatched to servers and clouds operated by people we don't know and will never meet.
- In some dialects, family is used as a plural (only) noun.
- Jamaican Creole: faambli, fambili
- Tok Pisin: famili
- → Chuukese: famini
- → Malay: famili
- Indonesian: famili
- → Maori: whāmere
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
family (not comparable)
- Suitable for children and adults.
- It's not good for a date, it's a family restaurant.
- Some animated movies are not just for kids, they are family movies.
- Conservative, traditional.
- The cultural struggle is for the survival of family values against all manner of atheistic amorality.
- (slang) Homosexual.
- I knew he was family when I first met him.
- baby of the family
- blended family
- extended family
- family affair
- family business
- family car
- Family Day
- family dissident
- family doctor
- family heirloom
- family history
- family jewels
- family leave
- family man
- family medicine
- family member
- family name
- family of curves (mathematics)
- family planning
- family rebel
- family rebellion
- family restaurant
- family reunion
- family tree
- family values
- first family
- foster family
- immediate family
- in a family way
- joint family
- keep it in the family
- language family
- nuclear family
- royal family
- family at OneLook Dictionary Search
- “family” in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
- “family” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
- family in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
- "family" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 1.
- family in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- family in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.