# order

## English

### Etymology

From Middle English ordre, from Old French ordre, ordne, ordene (order, rank), from Latin ōrdinem, accusative of ōrdō (row, rank, regular arrangement, literally row of threads in a loom), from Proto-Italic *ored-, *oreð- (to arrange), of unknown origin. Related to Latin ōrdior (begin, literally begin to weave). In sense “request for purchase”, compare bespoke.

### Noun

order (countable and uncountable, plural orders)

1. (countable) Arrangement, disposition, or sequence.
2. (countable) A position in an arrangement, disposition, or sequence.
• 1843, New York (State). Natural History Survey, Geology of New-York: Comprising the survey of the fourth geological ...:
In these situations we find the Genesee slate, the Tully limestone and the upper part of the Hamilton group, each one in its order disappearing beneath the lake level as we proceed southward.
• 1856, George Nicholls, A History of the Irish Poor Law: In Connexion with the Condition of the People:
In the latter portion of this period, the country was assailed by famine and pestilence - — a fearful visitation which will be noticed hereafter in its order of date, and of which it would be out of place to say more at present.
• 1897, T. L. Heath (translator), Eutocius of Ascalon, Extract from a commentary by Eutocius, quoted in 1897 [CUP], T. L. Heath (editor), The Works of Archimedes, 2002, Dover, unnumbered page,
His attempt I shall also give in its order.
• 1915, Edwin Abbott Abbott, the fourfold gospel the proclamation of the new kingdom, page 298:
This narrative must be discussed later on, in its order.
• 1996, John Clare, ‎Eric Robinson, ‎David Powell, John Clare: Poems of the Middle Period, 1822-1837, page xxxi:
The latter comes into play only as we examine each word in its order in the line.
• 2013, Leah Sarat, Fire in the Canyon: Religion, Migration, and the Mexican Dream:
Hasn't it been shown that the Hebrew letter “w” is equivalent to the number 6, due to its order in the alphabet, he asked?
• 2014, Julia Navarro, Tell Me Who I Am:
Because Professor Soler told me that you had to investigate things step by step, that you had to find a thread to follow and follow it, and find everything out in its order.
3. (uncountable) The state of being well arranged.
The house is in order; the machinery is out of order.
4. (countable) Conformity with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance; general tranquillity; public quiet.
to preserve order in a community or an assembly
5. (countable) A command.
• 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 30, in The Dust of Conflict[1]:
It was by his order the shattered leading company flung itself into the houses when the Sin Verguenza were met by an enfilading volley as they reeled into the calle.
6. (countable) A request for some product or service; a commission to purchase, sell, or supply goods.
• 2012 December 1, “An internet of airborne things”, in The Economist[2], volume 405, number 8813, page 3 (Technology Quarterly):
A farmer could place an order for a new tractor part by text message and pay for it by mobile money-transfer.
7. (countable) A group of religious adherents, especially monks or nuns, set apart within their religion by adherence to a particular rule or set of principles
St. Ignatius Loyola founded the Jesuit order in 1537.
8. (countable) An association of knights
the Order of the Garter, the Order of the Bath.
9. any group of people with common interests.
10. (countable) A decoration, awarded by a government, a dynastic house, or a religious body to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity.
11. () A rank in the classification of organisms, below class and above family; a taxon at that rank.
• 2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193:
Bats host many high-profile viruses that can infect humans, including severe acute respiratory syndrome and Ebola. A recent study explored the ecological variables that may contribute to bats’ propensity to harbor such zoonotic diseases by comparing them with another order of common reservoir hosts: rodents.
Magnolias belong to the order Magnoliales.
12. A number of things or persons arranged in a fixed or suitable place, or relative position; a rank; a row; a grade; especially, a rank or class in society; a distinct character, kind, or sort.
the higher or lower orders of society
talent of a high order
• Jeremy Taylor
They are in equal order to their several ends.
• Granville
Various orders various ensigns bear.
• Hawthorne
[] which, to his order of mind, must have seemed little short of crime.
13. An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; often used in the plural.
to take orders, or to take holy orders, that is, to enter some grade of the ministry
14. (architecture) The disposition of a column and its component parts, and of the entablature resting upon it, in classical architecture; hence (as the column and entablature are the characteristic features of classical architecture) a style or manner of architectural designing.
15. (cricket) The sequence in which a side’s batsmen bat; the batting order.
16. (electronics) a power of polynomial function in an electronic circuit’s block, such as a filter, an amplifier, etc.
a 3-stage cascade of a 2nd-order bandpass Butterworth filter.
17. (chemistry) The overall power of the rate law of a chemical reaction, expressed as a polynomial function of concentrations of reactants and products.
18. (set theory) The cardinality, or number of elements in a set, group, or other structure regardable as a set.
• 1911 [Cambridge University Press], William Burnside, Theory of Groups of Finite Order, 2nd Edition, Reprint, Dover (Dover Phoenix), 2004, page 222,
In this case, the conjugate set contains n(n − 1)/x(x − 1) distinct sub-groups of order m, and H is therefore self-conjugate in a group K of order x(x − l)m.
• 2000, Michael Aschbacher, Finite Group Theory, Cambridge University Press, 2nd Edition, page 260,
For various reasons it turns out to be better to enlarge this set of invariants to include suitable normalizers of subgroups of odd prime order.
19. (group theory, of an element of a group) For given group G and element gG, the smallest positive natural number n, if it exists, such that (using multiplicative notation), gn = e, where e is the identity element of G; if no such number exists, the element is said to be of infinite order (or sometimes zero order).
• 1997, Frank Celler, C. R. Leedham-Green, Calculating the Order of an Invertible Matrix, Larry Finkelstein, William M. Kantor (editors), Groups and Computation II, American Mathematical Society, page 55,
The object of this note is to observe that it is possible to calculate the order of an element ${\displaystyle A}$  of ${\displaystyle G={\mathit {GL}}(d,q)}$  on average using ${\displaystyle O(d^{3}{\mathsf {log}}\ q)}$  field operations, assuming that ${\displaystyle q^{i}-1}$  has been factorised for ${\displaystyle i\leq d}$ .
• 1999, A. Ehrenfeucht, T. Harju, G. Rozenberg, The Theory of 2-structures, World Scientific, page 15,
If ${\displaystyle \Delta }$  is a finite group, its cardinality is called the order of ${\displaystyle \Delta }$ . The order of an element ${\displaystyle a\in \Delta }$  is defined as the smallest nonnegative integer ${\displaystyle n}$  such that ${\displaystyle a^{n}=1_{\Delta }}$ . The second case of the following result is known as Cauchy's theorem.
Theorem 1.10 Let ${\displaystyle \Delta }$  be a finite group.
(i) The order of an element ${\displaystyle a\in \Delta }$  divides the order ${\displaystyle |\Delta |}$  of the group.
(ii) If a prime number ${\displaystyle p}$  divides ${\displaystyle |\Delta |}$ , then there exists an element ${\displaystyle a\in \Delta }$  of order ${\displaystyle p}$ .
• 2010, A. R. Vasishta, A. K. Vasishta, Modern Algebra, Krishna Prakashan Media, 60th Edition, page 180,
Since in a finite group the order of an element must be a divisor of the order of the group, therefore o (a) cannot be 3 and so we must have o (a)=4=the order of the group G.
20. (graph theory) The number of vertices in a graph.
21. (order theory) A partially ordered set.
22. (order theory) The relation on a partially ordered set that determines that it is, in fact, a partially ordered set.
23. (algebra) The sum of the exponents on the variables in a monomial, or the highest such among all monomials in a polynomial.
A quadratic polynomial, ${\displaystyle ax^{2}+bx+c,}$  is said to be of order (or degree) 2.

#### Quotations

• 1611, Bible, King James Version, Luke, 1:i:
Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us [] .
• 1973, Donald Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 3: Sorting and Searching, Addison-Wesley, chapter 8:
Since only two of our tape drives were in working order, I was ordered to order more tape units in short order, in order to order the data several orders of magnitude faster.

#### Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

### Verb

order (third-person singular simple present orders, present participle ordering, simple past and past participle ordered)

1. (transitive) To set in some sort of order.
2. (transitive) To arrange, set in proper order.
3. (transitive) To issue a command to.
He ordered me to leave.
4. (transitive) To request some product or service; to secure by placing an order.
to order groceries
5. To admit to holy orders; to ordain; to receive into the ranks of the ministry.
• (Can we date this quote?) Book of Common Prayer
persons presented to be ordered deacons

## German

### Verb

order

1. First-person of ordern.
2. Imperative singular of ordern.

## Polish

### Pronunciation

IPA(key): /ˈɔr.dɛr/

### Noun

order m inan

1. order (a decoration awarded by government or other authority)

## Swedish

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /ˈɔrdɛr/
•  Audio (file)

### Noun

order c

1. an order; a command
2. an order; a request for some product or service

#### Declension

Declension of order
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative order ordern order orderna
Genitive orders orderns orders ordernas