From Middle English ordre, from Old French ordre, ordne, ordene (“order, rank”), from Latin ōrdinem, accusative of ōrdō (“row, rank, regular arrangement”, literally “row of threads in a loom”), from Proto-Italic *ored(h)- (“to arrange”), of unknown origin. Related to Latin ōrdior (“begin”, literally “begin to weave”). In sense “request for purchase”, compare bespoke.
order (countable and uncountable, plural orders)
- (uncountable) Arrangement, disposition, sequence.
- (uncountable) The state of being well arranged.
- The house is in order; the machinery is out of order.
- Conformity with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance; general tranquillity; public quiet.
- to preserve order in a community or an assembly
- (countable) A command.
1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 30, in The Dust of Conflict:
- It was by his order the shattered leading company flung itself into the houses when the Sin Verguenza were met by an enfilading volley as they reeled into the calle.
- (countable) A request for some product or service; a commission to purchase, sell, or supply goods.
2012 December 1, “An internet of airborne things”, in The Economist, volume 405, number 8813, page 3 (Technology Quarterly):
- A farmer could place an order for a new tractor part by text message and pay for it by mobile money-transfer.
- (countable) A group of religious adherents, especially monks or nuns, set apart within their religion by adherence to a particular rule or set of principles
- St. Ignatius Loyola founded the Jesuit order in 1537.
- (countable) An association of knights
- the Order of the Garter, the Order of the Bath.
- any group of people with common interests.
- (countable) A decoration, awarded by a government, a dynastic house, or a religious body to an individual, usually for distinguished service to a nation or to humanity.
- (countable, taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below class and above family; a taxon at that rank.
2013 May-June, Katie L. Burke, “In the News”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 193:
- Bats host many high-profile viruses that can infect humans, including severe acute respiratory syndrome and Ebola. A recent study explored the ecological variables that may contribute to bats’ propensity to harbor such zoonotic diseases by comparing them with another order of common reservoir hosts: rodents.
Magnolias belong to the order Magnoliales.
- A number of things or persons arranged in a fixed or suitable place, or relative position; a rank; a row; a grade; especially, a rank or class in society; a distinct character, kind, or sort.
- the higher or lower orders of society
- talent of a high order
- Jeremy Taylor
- They are in equal order to their several ends.
- Various orders various ensigns bear.
- […] which, to his order of mind, must have seemed little short of crime.
- An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; often used in the plural.
- to take orders, or to take holy orders, that is, to enter some grade of the ministry
- (architecture) The disposition of a column and its component parts, and of the entablature resting upon it, in classical architecture; hence (as the column and entablature are the characteristic features of classical architecture) a style or manner of architectural designing.
- (cricket) The sequence in which a side’s batsmen bat; the batting order.
- (electronics) a power of polynomial function in an electronic circuit’s block, such as a filter, an amplifier, etc.
- a 3-stage cascade of a 2nd-order bandpass Butterworth filter.
- (chemistry) The overall power of the rate law of a chemical reaction, expressed as a polynomial function of concentrations of reactants and products.
- (mathematics) The cardinality, or number of elements in a set or related structure.
- (graph theory) The number of vertices in a graph.
- (order theory) A partially ordered set.
- (order theory) The relation on a partially ordered set that determines that it in fact a partially ordered set.
- (mathematics) The sum of the exponents on the variables in a monomial, or the highest such among all monomials in a polynomial.
- 1611 — King James Version of the Bible, Luke 1:1
- Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us...
- Donald Knuth. The Art of Computer Programming, Volume 3: Sorting and Searching, Addison-Wesley, 1973, chapter 8:
- Since only two of our tape drives were in working order, I was ordered to order more tape units in short order, in order to order the data several orders of magnitude faster.
- Latin: ēdictum n
- Latvian: pavēle f
- Lithuanian: įsakymas m
- Luxembourgish: Uerder m
- Malay: perintah
- Malayalam: കൽപന (ml) n (kalpana), ഉത്തരവ് (ml) n (uttarav), ആജ്ഞ (ml) n (ājña)
- Maori: whakahau
- Mizo: thupêk, thupêk
- Norwegian: ordre (no) m
- Old French: comandement m
- Oriya: ନିର୍ଦ୍ଦେଶ (or)
- Persian: اُرد (fa) (ord), دستور (fa) (dastur), فرمان (fa) (farmân)
- Polish: rozkaz (pl) m
- Portuguese: ordem (pt) f
- Romanian: ordin (ro) n, comandă (ro) f, poruncă (ro) f
- Russian: прика́з (ru) m (prikáz)
- Sanskrit: आज्ञा (sa) f (aajnja)
- Scottish Gaelic: òrdugh m
- Slovene: ukaz (sl) m
- Spanish: orden (es) f, mandato (es) m
- Swahili: oda (sw)
- Swedish: befallning (sv) c, order (sv) c
- Telugu: ఆదేశము (te) (ādēśamu)
- Turkish: emir (tr), buyruk (tr)
request for some product or service
biology: taxonomical classification
cricket: sequence in which a side’s batsmen bat
electronics: power of polynomial function in a circuit’s block
chemistry: a number of a chemical reaction
graph theory: number of vertices in a graph
relation on a partially ordered set
highest exponent in a polynomial
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
order (third-person singular simple present orders, present participle ordering, simple past and past participle ordered)
- (transitive) To set in some sort of order.
- (transitive) To arrange, set in proper order.
- (transitive) To issue a command to.
- to order troops to advance
He ordered me to leave.
- (transitive) To request some product or service; to secure by placing an order.
- to order groceries
- To admit to holy orders; to ordain; to receive into the ranks of the ministry.
- Book of Common Prayer
- persons presented to be ordered deacons
- (arrange into some sort of order): sort, rank
to request some product or service
- Korean: 주문하다 (ko) (jumunhada)
- Lao: ສັ່ງ (sang)
- Lithuanian: užsakyti
- Luxembourgish: bestellen
- Maori: ōta, tono
- Mizo: chah, ko, ko
- Norwegian: bestille
- Persian: سفارش دادن (fa) (sefâreš dâdan)
- Polish: zamawiać (pl) impf, zamówić (pl) pf
- Portuguese: encomendar (pt), pedir (pt)
- Russian: зака́зывать (ru) impf (zakázyvatʹ), заказа́ть (ru) pf (zakazátʹ)
- Scottish Gaelic: òrdaich
- Slovene: naročiti
- Spanish: ordenar (es), pedir (es)
- Swahili: oda (sw)
- Swedish: beställa (sv), lägga en order
- Thai: สั่ง (th) (sàng)
- Turkish: sipariş vermek (tr)
- Ukrainian: замовити (zamovyty)
- Urdu: منگانا (māṅgnā), طلب کرنا
- Vietnamese: gọi (vi)
- Zulu: -biza, -oda