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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-CelticEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

  • *īwos

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁eyHweh₂ (yew). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *īhwaz (yew), Lithuanian ievà (bird cherry), Russian и́ва (íva, willow)

NounEdit

*iwos m

  1. yew

DeclensionEdit

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *iwos *iwou *iwoi
vocative *iwe *iwou *iwūs
accusative *iwom *iwou *iwūs
genitive *iwī *iwous *iwom
dative *iwūi *iwobom *iwobos
instrumental *iwū *iwobim *iwobis

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Brythonic: *ɨwī pl, *ɨwɨnā (collective)
    • Breton: iwin (collective)
    • Old Cornish: hiuin
    • Welsh: yw pl (yew)
  • Gaulish: *iwos
    • French: if
  • Old Irish: (yew)
    • Irish: eo (yew)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*iwo-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 173
  • Watson, W. J., The History of the Celtic Place-names of Scotland. Reprinted with an introduction by Simon Taylor, Birlinn, Edinburgh, 2004. →ISBN, pp. 87–90.