Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/wroikos

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-CelticEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown, possibly from a non-Indo-European substrate source. Cognates include Proto-Balto-Slavic *werˀź-, *wirˀź- (whence Lithuanian vìržis (heather), Latvian vir̂zis (heather), Proto-Slavic *vȇrsъ, *vȇrskъ) and Ancient Greek ἐρείκη (ereíkē, heather).[1][2][3][4] It is sometimes linked to Proto-Indo-European *wert- (to twist, turn).[5][6]

NounEdit

*wroikos m

  1. heather

DeclensionEdit

Masculine o-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *wroikos *wroikou *wroikoi
vocative *wroike *wroikou *wroikūs
accusative *wroikom *wroikou *wroikoms
genitive *wroikī *wroikous *wroikom
dative *wroikūi *wroikobom *wroikobos
instrumental *wroikū *wroikobim *wroikobis

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἐρείκη”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 452
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 431
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*vȇrsъ, *vȇrskъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 516
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 507
  5. ^ Roberts, Edward A. (2014) A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Spanish Language with Families of Words based on Indo-European Roots, volume II, Xlibris Corporation, →ISBN
  6. ^ Watkins, Calvert (1985) The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt