Reconstruction:Proto-Finnic/-nut

This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Finnic

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Etymology

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The final *-Ut may be the same as the adjectival suffix *-ut, and possibly also be shared with *-ttu, especially if it was originally *-t'ut as more recent evidence would suggest. If so, the suffix is *-n(V)-ut. The origin of the initial part is not known, but it is not impossible that it is simply, or is related to, the suffix *-na, either in the locative or diminutive sense, or to the genitive ending *-n (the Uralic genitive ending may have had multiple uses as an adjectival and adverbial suffix[1]).

Suffix

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*-nut / *-nyt

  1. (having) -ed; forms the past (active) participle, which is used as an adjective.

Inflection

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Usage notes

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Descendants

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  • Estonian: -nud
  • Finnish: -nut
  • Ingrian: -nt, -nut
  • Karelian: -nut
  • Livvi: -nuh
  • Veps: -nud
  • Võro: -nuq
  • Votic: -nut
  1. ^ Merlijn de Smit, Proto-Uralic primary argument case-marking