EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -ede, -eden, from Old English -ode, -odon (class 2 weak past ending), from Proto-Germanic *-ōd-, *-ōdēdun. Cognate with Saterland Frisian -ede (-ed, first person singular past indicative ending), Swedish -ade (-ed), Icelandic -aði (-ed).

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Used to form past tenses of (regular) verbs. In linguistics, it is used for the base form of any past form. See -t for a variant.
    pointed (as in He pointed at the dog.)

TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English -ed, from Old English -od (class 2 weak past participle), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz.

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Used to form past participles of (regular) verbs. See -en and -t for variants.
    pointed (as in He has pointed at the dog.)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English -ed, from Old English -od (adjective suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ōdaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂tos. While identical in appearance to the past participle of class 2 weak verbs, this suffix was attached directly to nouns without any intervening verb. Compare also Latin -ātus.

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
    pointed (as in A needle has a pointed end. - the end of a needle has a point.)
    horned (as in a horned antelope - an antelope possessing horns)
    Antonym: -less
  2. As an extension of the above, when used along with an adjective preceding the noun, describes something that has an object of a particular quality.
    red-haired (having red hair)
    left-handed (having a left hand as more dexterous hand)
Derived termsEdit


TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate to Cornish -es.

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Suffix denoting plural of certain nouns
    kazhez (female cat) + ‎-ed → ‎kazhezed (female cats)

Derived termsEdit



HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -d (possessive suffix)

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular, single possession)
    kert (garden)a kerted (your (singular, informal) garden)
Usage notesEdit
  • (possessive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Etymology 2Edit

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -d (personal suffix)

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular present tense of verbs (indicative mood, definite conjugation).
    fest (to paint)fested (you paint something, you are painting something)
Usage notesEdit
  • (personal suffix) See harmonic variants in the table below.

Etymology 3Edit

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -d (fraction and frequentative suffix)

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. (fraction suffix) Added to an cardinal number to form a fraction.
    ezer (thousand)ezred (thousandth)
  2. (frequentative suffix) Added to a stem to form a verb to indicate repetitive action. No longer productive.
    mond (to say)
Usage notesEdit
  • (fraction suffix) Variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (frequentative suffix) Variants:
    -ad is added to back vowel words
    -ed is added to front vowel words
Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French -ée, Italian -ata, Spanish -ada, ultimately from Latin -atus.

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. contents of, -ful.
    manuo (hand) + ‎-ed → ‎manuedo (handful)

Derived termsEdit

Category Ido words suffixed with -ed not found

Middle EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Alternative form of -hede

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. formed into the likeness of, made into, shaped like, having the qualities of
    æppel (apple) + ‎-ed → ‎æppled (apple-shaped)

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. slender form of -ad

WelshEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *-hed, from Proto-Celtic *-isetos.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Forms an equative of an adjective of one or two syllables.
    gwan (weak) + ‎-ed → ‎gwanned (as weak)
    rhad (cheap) + ‎-ed → ‎rhated (as cheap)
    cynt (faster, earlier, sooner) + ‎-ed → ‎cynted (as fast, as early, as soon)
Usage notesEdit

Causes fortition of final voiced consonant of adjectival roots.

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Used to form the ordinal forms of five and six.
    pump (five) + ‎-ed → ‎pumed (fifth)
    chwech (six) + ‎-ed → ‎chweched (sixth)
    Synonyms: -edd, -fed, -ydd

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Used to form verbal nouns.

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Used to form nouns.
    colli (to lose) + ‎-ed → ‎colled (loss)
    sych (dry) + ‎-ed → ‎syched (thirst)
    cymuno (to take communion, to communicate) + ‎-ed → ‎cymuned (community)

Etymology 5Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. Used to form plural nouns.
    pryf (bug, insect) + ‎-ed → ‎pryfed (bugs, insect)
    merch (girl) + ‎-ed → ‎merched (girls)
    Synonyms: -aid, -aint, -au, -edd, -en, -i, -iaid, -iau, -ion, -od, -oedd, -on, -ydd, -yr, -ys

Usage notesEdit

-ed is only used in the above two plural forms in Modern Welsh.

Etymology 6Edit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ed

  1. (literary) verb suffix for the third-person singular imperative

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “-ed”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies