Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/aigin

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eyként- n (part.), but no known parallels outside Germanic.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*aigin n[2]

  1. shoot, barb

InflectionEdit

The nominative singular lacks the final consonant of the stem. This preserves an old sound change from late PIE, where word-final *-t becomes *-d. According to Grimm's Law, *t shifted to , and *d shifted to *t. Following this, word-final *-t was lost regularly.

neuter consonant stemDeclension of *aigin (neuter consonant stem)
singular plural
nominative *aigin *aiginþ
vocative *aigin *aiginþ
accusative *aigin *aiginþ
genitive *aiginþiz *aiginþǫ̂
dative *aiginþi *aiginþumaz
instrumental *aiginþē *aiginþumiz

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Saxon:
    • Middle Low German: ine
  • Old Norse: eigin

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vladimir Orel, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, s.v. "*aigenan" (Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2003), 6.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*aiginþ-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 9