EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English shoten, from Old English scēotan, from Proto-Germanic *skeutaną, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kéwd-e-ti, from *(s)kewd- (to shoot, throw). Cognate with West Frisian sjitte, Low German scheten, Dutch schieten, German schießen, Danish skyde, Norwegian Bokmål skyte, Norwegian Nynorsk skyta, Swedish skjuta; and also, through Indo-European, with Russian кида́ть (kidátʹ), Albanian hedh (to throw, toss), Persian چست(čost, quick, active), Lithuanian skudrùs.

VerbEdit

shoot (third-person singular simple present shoots, present participle shooting, simple past shot, past participle shot or (rare) shotten)

  1. To launch a projectile.
    1. (transitive) To fire (a weapon that releases a projectile).
      to shoot a gun
    2. (transitive) To fire (a projectile).
      Synonym: loose (of an arrow)
    3. (transitive) To fire a projectile at (a person or target).
      The man, in a desperate bid for freedom, grabbed his gun and started shooting anyone he could.
      The hunter shot the deer to harvest its meat.
    4. (intransitive) To cause a weapon to discharge a projectile.
      They shot at a target.
      He shoots better than he rides.
    5. (intransitive) To hunt birds, etc. with a gun.
      They're coming to shoot with us on Sunday.
      • 1900, John Buchan, The Watcher by the Threshold[1]:
        The place was called the House of More, and I had shot at it once or twice in recent years.
    6. (transitive) To hunt on (a piece of land); to kill game in or on.
    7. (transitive, slang) To ejaculate.
      After a very short time, he shot his load over the carpet.
    8. (intransitive, usually, as imperative) To begin to speak.
      "Can I ask you a question?"   "Shoot."
    9. (intransitive) To discharge a missile; said of a weapon.
      The gun shoots well.
    10. (transitive, figuratively) To dismiss or do away with.
      His idea was shot on sight.
    11. (transitive, intransitive, analogous) To photograph.
      He shot the couple in a variety of poses.
      He shot seventeen stills.
      • 2006, Michael Grecco, Lighting and the Dramatic Portrait, Amphoto Books, →ISBN, page 68:
        I had the pleasure of shooting Arnold Newman while teaching across the hall from him at a summer photo workshop.
    12. (transitive, intransitive, analogous, film, television) To film.
      The film was mostly shot in France.
    13. (transitive) To push or thrust a bolt quickly; hence, to open a lock.
      • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[2]:
        There was no answer, so I took the big key, rubbed some salad oil into the wards, and after one or two bad shots, for my hands were shaking, managed to fit it, and shoot the lock.
  2. To move or act quickly or suddenly.
    1. (intransitive) To move very quickly and suddenly.
      After an initial lag, the experimental group's scores shot past the control group's scores in the fourth week.
      • 1697, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
        There shot a streaming lamp along the sky.
      • 1884: Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Chapter VII
        It didn't take me long to get there. I shot past the head at a ripping rate, the current was so swift, and then I got into the dead water and landed on the side towards the Illinois shore.
      • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
        Now we plunged into a deep shade with the boughs lacing each other overhead, and crossed dainty, rustic bridges[...]: or anon we shot into a clearing, with a colored glimpse of the lake and its curving shore far below us.
    2. To go over or pass quickly through.
      shoot the rapids
      • 1697, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
        She [...] shoots the Stygian sound.
      • 2005, R. G. Crouch, The Coat: The Origin and Times of Doggett's Famous Wager (page 40)
        It was approaching the time when watermen would not shoot the bridge even without a passenger aboard.
    3. (transitive) To tip (something, especially coal) down a chute.
    4. (transitive) To penetrate, like a missile; to dart with a piercing sensation.
      a shooting pain in my leg
      • 1713, Joseph Addison, Cato, published 1712, [Act 3, scene 1]:
        Thy words shoot through my heart.
    5. (obsolete, intransitive) To feel a quick, darting pain; to throb in pain.
      • 1633, George Herbert, The Temple
        These preachers make / His head to shoot and ache.
    6. (obsolete) To change form suddenly; especially, to solidify.
      • 1631, [Francis Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
        If the menstruum be overcharged, metals will shoot into crystals.
      • 1802, Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, Query VII.
        The north-east [wind] is loaded with vapor, insomuch, that the salt-makers have found that their crystals would not shoot while that blows.
    7. To send out or forth, especially with a rapid or sudden motion; to cast with the hand; to hurl; to discharge; to emit.
    8. (informal, transitive) To send to someone.
      I'll shoot you an email with all the details
  3. (sports) To act or achieve.
    1. (wrestling) To lunge.
    2. (professional wrestling) To deviate from kayfabe, either intentionally or accidentally; to actually connect with unchoreographed fighting blows and maneuvers, or speak one's mind (instead of an agreed script).
    3. To make the stated score.
      In my round of golf yesterday I shot a 76.
  4. (surveying) To measure the distance and direction to (a point).
  5. (transitive, intransitive, colloquial) To inject a drug (such as heroin) intravenously.
  6. To develop, move forward.
    1. To germinate; to bud; to sprout.
      • 1631, [Francis Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
        Onions, as they hang, will shoot forth.
      • 1709, John Dryden, Georgics
        But the wild olive shoots, and shades the ungrateful plain.
    2. To grow; to advance.
      to shoot up rapidly
    3. (nautical) To move ahead by force of momentum, as a sailing vessel when the helm is put hard alee.
    4. (transitive) To travel or ride on (breaking waves) rowards the shore.
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[3]:
      `Take the tiller, Mahomed!' I roared in Arabic. `We must try and shoot them.' At the same moment I seized an oar, and got it out, motioning to Job to do likewise.
    1. To push or thrust forward; to project; to protrude; often with out.
      A plant shoots out a bud.
  7. To protrude; to jut; to project; to extend.
    The land shoots into a promontory.
  8. (carpentry) To plane straight; to fit by planing.
    • 1677, Joseph Moxon, Mechanick Exercises: Or, The Doctrine of Handy-works
      two Pieces of Wood are Shot (that is Plained) or else they are Pared [...] with a Pairing-chissel
  9. To variegate as if by sprinkling or intermingling; to color in spots or patches.W
  10. (card games) To shoot the moon.
  11. (aviation) To carry out, or attempt to carry out (an approach to an airport runway).
    He tried to shoot the visual approach to runway 12, but the visibility was too low.
QuotationsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from shoot (verb)
DescendantsEdit
  • Catalan: xut
  • Greek: σουτ (sout)
  • Persian: شوت(šut)
  • Romanian: șut
  • Vietnamese: sút
TranslationsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

shoot (plural shoots)

  1. The emerging stem and embryonic leaves of a new plant.
  2. A photography session.
  3. A hunt or shooting competition.
  4. (professional wrestling, slang) An event that is unscripted or legitimate.
  5. The act of shooting; the discharge of a missile; a shot.
    • 1631, [Francis Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
      The Turkish bow giveth a very forcible shoot.
    • 1612, Michael Drayton, Poly-Olbion
      One underneath his horse to get a shoot doth stalk.
  6. A rush of water; a rapid.
  7. (weaving) A weft thread shot through the shed by the shuttle; a pick.
  8. A shoat; a young pig.
  9. (mining) A vein of ore running in the same general direction as the lode.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  10. An inclined plane, either artificial or natural, down which timber, coal, ore, etc., are caused to slide; a chute.
    • 1891, New South Wales. Supreme Court, The New South Wales Law Reports (volume 12, page 238)
      That there was no evidence before the jury that at the time of the accident the timber shoot was worked by the defendant company.
  11. (card games) The act of taking all point cards in one hand.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for shoot in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Minced oath for shit.

InterjectionEdit

shoot

  1. A mild expletive, expressing disbelief or disdain
    Didn't you have a concert tonight?
    Shoot! I forgot! I have to go and get ready...
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit