This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

From *hundą (hundred) +‎ *radą (count), a neuter variant of *radō (row, line, series).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈxun.dɑ.ˌrɑ.ðɑ̃/

Noun edit

*hundaradą n

  1. (+genitive) a great hundred (120)
  2. (+genitive) a hundred (100)

Usage notes edit

The words *hundą and *hundaradą may have originally lacked a specific definition and been used as general words for any fairly large number. This usage continued in many daughter languages, but eventually its value was fixed at 100, as was its Latin cognate, centum.

Inflection edit

neuter a-stemDeclension of *hundaradą (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *hundaradą *hundaradō
vocative *hundaradą *hundaradō
accusative *hundaradą *hundaradō
genitive *hundaradas, *hundaradis *hundaradǫ̂
dative *hundaradai *hundaradamaz
instrumental *hundaradō *hundaradamiz

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) “*radō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 401