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See also: Centum

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin centum (hundred). Its use in linguistics is due to it being a canonical example of a word retaining an original velar stop, as opposed to Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬙𐬆𐬨 (satəm).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɛntəm/ (Indo-European linguistics)
  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛntəm/ (exam score)

AdjectiveEdit

centum (not comparable)

  1. (Indo-European linguistics) referring to an Indo-European language that did not produce sibilants from a series of Proto-Indo-European palatovelar stops.

AntonymsEdit

  • (Indo-European linguistics): satem

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

centum (plural centums)

  1. (India) A perfect score on a board exam.

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

centum (invariable)

  1. used only in the term lingua centum

LatinEdit

Latin cardinal numbers
 <  XCIX C CI  > 
    Cardinal : centum
    Ordinal : centēsimus
    Adverbial : centiēns
    Multiplier : centuplex
    Distributive : centēnī
Latin Wikipedia article on centum

Alternative formsEdit

  • Symbol: C

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm. Formal cognates include Sanskrit शत (śata), Old Church Slavonic съто (sŭto) and Old English hund.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

centum (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) a hundred; 100
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 4.381
      Simul ipsa precatur Oceanumque patrem rerum Nymphasque sorores centum quae silvas, centum quae flumina servant.
      Together she entreats father Ocean, and the sister-nymphs who guard a hundred forests and a hundred streams.

Usage notesEdit

The numeral centum behaves like an indeclinable adjective. See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers for additional information.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • centum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • centum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “centum”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • centum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to reach one's hundredth year, to live to be a hundred: centum annos complere
    • about a hundred of our men fell: nostri circiter centum ceciderunt