Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/hundą

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm. Cognate with Latin centum, Old Irish cét, Lithuanian šimtas, Sanskrit शत (śatá).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cardinal number
100/120 Previous: *newuntēhundą
Next: *þūsundī

*hundą n

  1. (+genitive) a great hundred (120)
  2. (+genitive) a hundred (100)

Usage notesEdit

The words *hundą and *hundaradą may have not originally had a specific definition, but used as a general word for a fairly large number. This usage continued in many daughter languages, but eventually its value was fixed at 100 as was Latin centum, its cognate.

InflectionEdit

neuter a-stemDeclension of *hundą (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *hundą *hundō
vocative *hundą *hundō
accusative *hundą *hundō
genitive *hundas, *hundis *hundǫ̂
dative *hundai *hundamaz
instrumental *hundō *hundamiz

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: hund
    • Middle English: hund
  • Old Frisian: hund (in compounds)
  • Old Saxon: hund
    • Middle Low German: hunt
  • Old Dutch: *hund
  • Old High German: hund
    • Middle High German: hunt
      • German: hunt (obsolete)
  • Old Norse: hund-
  • Gothic: 𐌷𐌿𐌽𐌳 (hund)